Aashoora ka bayaan :

Aashoora ki Fazeelat :
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Is mubarak din me ALLĀH ta’ala ki qudrat aur fazl o ne’amat ki bahot si badi badi nishaaniya zaahir hui.

(1) Isi din arsh wa kursi, loh wa qalam, aasmaan wa zameen, chaand wa sooraj aur sitaare aur jannat banaaye gaye.
(2) Isi din sab se pehli aasmaan se zameen par baarish hui.
(3) Isi din Hazrat Ādam alaihis salaam ki tauba qabool hui.
(4) Isi din Hazrat Idrees alaihis salaam ko aasmaan par uthaaye gaye.
(5) Isi din Hazrat Nooh alaihis salaam ki kashti toofaan ke baad salaamati ke saath Zoodi pahaad par pahunchi.
(6) Isi din Hazrat Ibrāheem alaihis salaam ki wilaadat hui.
(7) Isi din Hazrat Ya’aqoob alaihis salaam ki apne bete Hazrat Yousuf alaihis salam se mulaaqaat hui aur un ki aankho ki roshni waapas mili.
(8) Isi din Hazrat Younus alaihis salaam machhli ke pait se najaat mili.
(9) Isi din Hazrat Ayyoob alaihis salaam ki takleef door ki gai.
(10) Isi din Hazrat Yousuf alaihis salaam gehre kuwe se nikaale gaye.
(11) Isi din Hazrat Moosā alaihis salaam ko Fir’aun se najaat mili aur Fir’aun apne laskar samet dariya me gharq ho gaya.
(12) Isi din Hazrat Daawūd alaihis salaam ki lagzish muaf hui.
(13) Isi din Hazrat Sulaimān alaihis salaam ko jinn wa insaan par hukoomat ata hui.
(14) Isi din Hazrat Saalih alaihis salaam ki dua qubool hui thi.
(15) Isi din Hazrat Eisā alaihis salaam ki wilaadat hui aur isi din aasmaan par uthaaye gaye.
(16) Isi din Huzoor Muhammad Mustafa sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne elaan e nabuwwat kiya.
(17) Isi din Hazrat Imaam Husain ibn Ali radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu aur Aap ke jaan nisaar saathiyo ne maidaan e Karbala me 3 din ke bhooke pyaase rehkar Islaam ki hifaazat ke liye jaam e shahaadat nosh farmaaya.
(18) Isi din Qayaamat aayegi.

♦ Is mubarak din me mo’min ki Ibaadat qubool hoti hai, Tauba qubool hoti hai, Dua qubool hoti hai.

Is liye hume chaahiye ke is din ko sahi tareeqe se ibaadate ilāhi karne me guzaare aur sachi tauba karen aur tamaam mo’mino ke liye dua e khair karen.

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Hadeeṡe Nabawi :
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(1) Jo shakhs Aashoora ke roz Ghusl kare to kisi Marz me mubtala na hoga siwa e marz e Maut ke .

(2) Jo shakhs Aashoora ke roz Asmad ka Surma aankho me lagaaye to us ki aankhen kabhi nahi dukhengi.
(Sho’abul Eimaan, Hadeeṡ -3797)

(3) Jo koi Aashoora ke din apne Ahl o ayaal par Nafqa me wus’at karega to ALLĀH ta’ala us par pura saal wus’at farmayega.

(4) Jo Shakhs Aashoora ke din Yateem ke sar par haath pherega to ALLĀH ta’ala us ke liye Yateem ke sar ke har baal ke badle ek ek darja Jannat me Buland farmayega .

(5) Jis ne Aashoora ki shaam ko kisi mo’min ko roza iftaar karaaya us ko puri ummat ke roze ke barabar sawaab milega.
(Gunyatut Taalibeen)

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♦ Aashoora ke din ghusl karna, miswaak karna, khushboo lagaana, aankho me surma lagaana aur achha khaana pakakar khaana aur kasrat se Khairaat karna aur miskeeno aur yateemo ko madad karna Sunnat hai.

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♦ Shab e Aashoora ki Ibaadat :
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(1) 2 Rak’at namaaz padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad 3 martaba Surah al-Ikhlaas padhen.
In shaa Allāh ALLĀH ta’ala is namaaz ko padhne waale ki qabr ko qayaamat tak roshan farmaega.

(2) 4 Rak’at namaaz ek salaam se padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad 50 martaba Surah al-Ikhlaas padhen.

(3) 4 Rak’at namaaz ek salaam se padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad 1 martaba Aayatul Kursi aur 10 martaba Surah al-Ikhlaas padhen.
Namaaz ke baad baithkar 100 martaba Surah al-Iklaas padhen.

(4) 8 Rak’at namaaz 2-2 karke padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad 25 martaba Surah al-Ikhlaas padhen.
Phir baithkar 70 baar ‘Astaghfaar’ aur 70 baar Durood shareef padhen.

♦ Yaum e Aashoora ki Ibaadat :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(Is ka waqt 10wi Muharram ko Tuloo e aaftaab ke 20 minute baad se Zawaal shuru hone se pehle tak hai.)

(1) 2 Rak’at nafl Tahyatul Wuzu padhen.
Pehli rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad 3 baar Surah al-Kaafirun aur Dusri rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad 3 baar Surah al-Ikhlaas padhen.

(2) 6 rak’at namaaz Salaat-ul-Aashura ki niyyat se 2-2 karke padhen.
Is ke baad Durood shareef padhkar ALLĀH se Aashura ki barkat ata farmae.

(3) 4 Rak’at namaaz ek salaam se padhen.
Pehli rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad Surah ad-Duha padhen, dusri rak’at me Surah Alam nashrah padhen, teesri rak’at me Surah al-Zilzaal padhen aur chothi rak’at me Surah al-Ikhlaas padhen.
Ise Huzoor Nabi e kareem sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ko isaal e ṡawaab karen.
Is ke baad wahi par baithkar 41 martaba Aayate Kareema padhen.
‘Laa ilāha illa anta sub’hānaka inni kuntu minaz zaalimeen.’
Phir sajde me sar rakhkar ALLĀH ta’ala se Eimaan ki salaamati ki dua karen.

(4) 4 Rak’at namaaz ek salaam se padhen.
Pehli rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad Surah al-Kaafiroon padhen, dusri rak’at me Surah al-Ikhlaas padhen, teesri rak’at me Surah al-Falaq padhen aur chothi rak’at me Surah al-Naas padhen.
Ise chaaro Khulfa e raashideen radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ko isaale ṡawaab karen.
Phir baithkar 70 martaba ‘Hasbunallāhu wa ni’amal wakeel wa ni’amal mawla wa ni’aman naseer’ padhen.

(5) 2 Rak’at namaaz padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad 3 martaba Surah al-Ikhlaas padhen.
Ise Sayyeda Faatima Zahra radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha ko isaale ṡawaab karen.

(6) 4 Rak’at namaaz ek salaam se padhen.
Pehli rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad Aayat ul Kursi padhen, dusri rak’at me Surah al-Takaasur padhen, teesri rak’at me Surah al- Kaafirun padhen aur chothi rak’at me Surah al-Ikhlaas padhen.
Ise Imaame Hasan aur Imaame Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ki arwaah e paak ko isaale ṡawaab karen.

(7) 4 Rak’at namaaz ek salaam se padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad 3 martaba Surah al-Ikhlaas padhen.
Ise Shohada e Karbala radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ki arwaah e paak ko isaale ṡawaab karen.

(8) 4 Rak’at namaaz ek salaam se padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad 1 baar Aayat ul Kursi aur 3 martaba Surah al-Ikhlaas padhen.
Ise apne waalidain ko isaale ṡawaab karen.
Is ke baad 100 baar Astaghfaar aur 100 baar Durood shareef padhen.
Phir 3 martaba ye dua padhen :
Allāhumma inni asaluk bihaqqil hasani wa akheehi wa ummihi wa abeehi wa jadadihee wa baneehi farrij hammee maa ana feehi bi rahmatika ya arhamar raahimeen.

(9) 2 Rak’at namaaz padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad 3 martaba Surah al-Ikhlaas padhen.
Ise khud apni rooh ko isaale ṡawaab karen.

(10) Yaume Aashura ko ba-wuzu hokar 70 martaba ye padhen :
Hasbiyallāhu wa ni’amal wakeel.

(11) Kaṡrat se Durood shareef padhen.

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▪▪► In namaaz me agar dusri Surah yaad na ho to us ke badle Surah al-Faatiha ke baad Surah al-Ikhlaas (Qul huwallāhu ahad) ya aur koi Surah yaad ho wo padhen.

▪▪► Kisi wajah se tamaam namaaz na padh saken to jitni padh sakte hain utni padhen aur phir Tilaawat e Qur’an, Kalma, Zikr ya Durood shareef padhte rahen.

▪▪► Aur apne liye aur tamaam ummate Mustafa ke liye Dua e khair aur apne aaba wa ajdaad aur tamaam marhoomeen ke liye Due e maghfirat karen.

▪▪► Jin ki namaazen Qaza ho gai hain wo pehle jitni mumkin ho utni Qaza namaaz padhen take bariuz zimma ho jaaye.
Aur tauba karke ye pakka ahad karen ke aainda sab namaaz waqt par ada karne ki koshish karenge aur namaaz ke foyuz o barkaat haasil karte rahenge.
Nafl namaaz ka pura sawaab usi ko milta hai jo Farz namaaz waqt par ada karta hai aur pehle un namaazo ki qaza padh leta hai jo chhut gai hai.

5 waqt ki Qaza namaaz me Rak’at ki ta’adaad :
Fajr 2, Zohar 4, Asr 4, Maghrib 3, Isha 4, Witr 3.

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Is ke baad Dua e Aashoora zaroor padhen.
Is dua ko padhne waala in shaa Allāh pura saal maut se mehfooz rahega.

Dua e Aashoora :


Ya Qaabila tawbati Ādama Yawma Aashuraă-a Ya faarija karbi Zin-nooni yawma Aashuraă-a Ya jaami’a shamli Ya’aqooba yawma Aashuraă-a Ya saami’a da’awati Moosā wa Hāroona yawma Aashuraă-a Ya mughisa Ibrāheema minan naari yawma Aashuraă-a Ya rafi’a Idreesa ilas samaa’i yawma Aashuraă-a Ya mujeeba da’awati saalihin feen naaqati yawma Aashuraă-a Ya naasira sayyidina Muhammadin sal-lallāhu alayhi wa sallama yawma Aashuraă-a Ya rahmānad dunya wal aakhirati wa raheemahumaa salli alā sayyidina Muhammadiw wa alā jamee’il ambiyaa’i wal-mursaleena waqdi haajaatina fid dunya wal aakhirati wa atil umranaa fee taa’atika wa mahabbatika wa ridaaka wa ah’yinaa hayatan tayyibatanw wa tawaffana alal eimaani wal islaami bi-rahmatika Yaă arhamar raahimeen, Allāhumma bi-sirril hasani wa akheehi wa ummihī wa abeehi wa jaddihī wa banihi farriju anna maa nahnu feehi.

Phir ye Dua 7 baar padhen :

Sub’hānallāhi mil’al-meezaani wa muntahal ilmi wa mablaghar rida wa zinatal arshi laa maljaa-aa wa laa manjaa-aa minallāhi illa ilayhi, Sub’hānallāhi adadash shaf’i wal witri wa adada kalimaatillāhit tammaati kullihaa nas’alukas salaamata bi-rahmatika yaa arhamar raahimeen, Wa huwa hasbunaa wa nai’mal wakeel, Ni’mal mawla wa ni’man naseer, Wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa billāhil aleeyil azeem, Wa sallallāhu ta’aala ala sayyidina Muhammadiw wa ala aalihi wasahbihi wa alal muamineena wal muaminaati wal muslimeena wal muslimati adada zarratil wujoodi wa adada ma’aloomaatillāhi wal hamdulillāhi rabbil aalameen.

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Aashoora ka Roza :
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Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :
Jo musalman Aashoora ke din Roza rakhega us ke pure saal ke gunaah ALLĀH ta’ala muaf farmaega.

Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :

Hazrate Abu Huraira radiy-Allāhu anhu se riwaayat hai ki :
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘Ramazaan ke roze baad sab Roze me afzal Moharram ke roze hain, jo ALLĀH ka mahina hai aur Namaaz e Farz ke baad afzal Tahajjud ki mamaaz hai.’

(Sahih Muslim , Jild -3, Hadeeṡ -2755)

›› Behtar hai ke 2 din roze rakhen, 9 aur 10 ya 10 aur 11.
Agar kisi wajah se 9 Moharram ka Roza na rakh saken to 10 aur 11 ka rakhen.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Imaam e Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu aur Shohada e Karbala aur Ahle bait waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur in sab baato ko yaad rakhkar us par amal karne ki aur dusro ko bataane ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae aur Aashura me sahi tareeqe se Ibaadat karne ki taufiq ata farmae aur har buri bid’at aur gunaah se aur fuzool-kharchi se bachne ki taufiq ata farmae aur Ahle bait, Shohda aur Auliya ko isaale ṡawaab karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.

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