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Ahle Bait ka bayaan :

♦ Ahle bait ka Martaba aur fazaa’il :
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(1) Aayat e Tat’heer :
Qur’an :
33 Surah al-Ahzaab, Aayat 33 :

إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا

ALLĀH to yehi chaahta hai ke Aye Ahle bait, Tum se har napaaki door kar de aur tumhe paak kar de khub saaf kar de.

›› Rabbul aalameen Ahle bait ko zaahiri aur baatini har tarah ki napaaki se paak saaf karna chaahta hai.

(2) Qur’an :
42 Surah ash-Shoora, Aayat 23 :

قُلْ لَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا إِلَّا الْمَوَدَّةَ فِي الْقُرْبَىٰ ۗ وَمَنْ يَقْتَرِفْ حَسَنَةً نَزِدْ لَهُ فِيهَا حُسْنًا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ شَكُورٌ

Farma do Aye Nabi ki main tum ko Qur’an sunaane ki ujrat nahi maangta, magar sirf mere Aqaraba se mohabbat rakhna.

(3) Hadeeṡ e Saqlain :
Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :

Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ki :
‘Main tum me 2 bhaari (qeemati) chize chhod raha hu
1. Kitaabullāh (Qur’an shareef) aur 2. Mere Ahle bait.
In dono ko mazbooti se thaame rehna taake tum gumraah na ho.’

(Sahih Muslim, Jild -6, Safa -122;
Tirmizi, Jild -2, Safa -219, Hadeeṡ -3718;
Abu Daawūd;
Nisaai, Khasa’is, Safa 30;
Tibraani, Taarikh-e-Kabeer;
Hakeem, Mustadrak, Jild -3, Safa -109 aur 148;
Zahabi , Talkhis-e-Mustadrak)

(4) Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :

Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ki :
‘Mere Ahle bait Hazrate Nooh alaihis salaam ki kashti ke maanind hain,
Jo un ke saath ho gaya wo najaat paaya aur jo un se door hua wo doob gaya.’
(Mishkaat)

(5) Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :

Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ki :
‘Mujh se mohabbat karo ALLĀH ta’ala ki muhabbat ki khaatir aur mere Ahle bait se mohabbat karo mujh se mohabbat rakhte ho is bina par.’

(Tirmizi , Jild -2 , Safa -220)

(6) Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :

Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ki :
‘Jo mere Ahle bait me kisi ke saath achha sulook karega main roz e Qayaamat us ka sila use ata farmaunga.’

(Kashaf-ul-Khafaa , 2/313;
Kanz-ul-Ummal 12/90, 34182;
Jaam e Sagheer, 2/533)

(7) Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :

Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ki :
‘4 khushnaseeb aise hain ke main qayaamat ke din un ki shafa’at karunga.
[1] Mere Ahle bait ki ta’azeem wa izzat karne waala,
[2] Un ke liye un ki zaroorat ki cheezen paish karne waala,
[3] Zaroorat ke waqt un ke kaamo ko pura karne waala,
[4] Dil wa zubaan se un ki mohabbat rakhne waala.’

(Kanz-ul-Ummal, Hadeeṡ -34180)

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♦ Ahle Bait ya’ni Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke ghar (khaandaan) wale.

♦ Ahle bait e Nabi (Noble Family of Holy Prophet) sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam) me saamil afraad :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾

(1) Huzoor Rasool-Allāh Muhammad Mustafa sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki Azwaaj e mutahharaat aur Aap ki Aulaad e amjaad radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma,
(Noble Wives & Children of Holy Prophet sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam) :
›› Azwaaj e mutahharaat :
Hazrat Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,
Hazrat Sawdah bint Zam’ah radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,
Hazrat Aa’isha bint Abu Bakr Siddeeq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,
Hazrat Hafsa bint Umar Faarooq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,
Hazrat Umm-ul-Masaakin, Zainab bint Khuzayma radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,
Hazrat Umme Salama, Hind bint Abu Umayya Sohail radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,
Hazrat Zainab bint Hajash radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,
Hazrat Juwairiya bint Haariṡ radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,
Hazrat Umme Habeeba Ramlah bint Abi Sufyaan Sakhr radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,
Hazrat Safiya bint Huyaee radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,
Hazrat Maymuna bint Haariṡ Aamariya radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,

›› Saahabzaade :
Haaris radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,
Hazrat (Umme Habeeba) Ramlah bint Abi Sufyaan radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha,
Hazrat Safiya bint Huyaee radHazrat Qaasim, Abdullāh wa, Ibrāheem radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma.
›› Saahabzaadiya :
Hazrat Zainab, Ruqayya, Umm Kulṡoom, wa Faatima Zahra radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha.

(2) Abu Taalib Imraan ibne Abdul Muttalib ki aulaad
ya’ni Hazrate Ali, Ja’afar wa Aqeel ibne Abu Taalib aur Umme Haani Faakhitah, Jumaanah, Rayta [Asmaa] binte Abu Taalib radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma;
(3) Hazrate Hamza ibne Abdul Muttalib radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu aur un ki aulaad;
(4) Hazrate Abbaas ibne Abdul Muttalib radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu aur un ki aulaad;
(5) Hazrate Haariṡ ibne Abdul Muttalib ki aulaad
ya’ni Hazrate Ubaida, Abu Sufyaan Mugheerah, Naufal, Abdullāh, wa Rabia ibne Haariṡ aur Arwa binte Haariṡ radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma;
(6) Hazrate Utbah wa Muattab bin Abu Lahab aur Durrah [Fakhitah] binte Abu Lahab radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma.

›› Huzoor Rasool-Allāh Muhammad Mustafa sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke chacha me se Hazrate Hamza aur Hazrate Abbaas radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ne eimaan ka izhaar kiya tha aur aap ki phuphi me se Hazrate Ateeqa aur Safiya radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha eimaan laai thi.

♦ Ahle bait ke 3 darje (hisse) hain :
(1) Saakani (Residing) – Huzoor Rasool-Allāh Muhammad sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki Azwaaj e mutahhiraat aur Aap ki Aulaad e amjaad radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma;
(2) Nasabi (Successor) – Hazrate Ali al-Murtaza & Hazrate Faatima radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma aur un ki aulaad (nasl);
(3) E’azaazi (Honoured) – Ahle bait ke baaqi afraad.

♦ Huzoor Muhammad Mustafa sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke saath Hazrate Ali, Sayyeda Faatima, Imaam e Hasan aur Imaam e Husain Radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ‘Panjatan’ me saamil hain.

♦ Hazrate Ali al-Murtaza radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu aur Sayyeda Faatima radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha ki aulaad ya’ni Imaame Hasan aur Imaame Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ko ‘Aale Rasool’ ka martaba mila hai aur Un ki aulaad ko ‘Saadaat’ ka kaha jaata hai.

Hazrat Imaam Hasan al-Mujtaba radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki nasl Hazrat Imaam Hasan al-Musanna aur Hazrat Zaid rahmatullāhi alaihi se jaari hai.
Aur Hazrat Imaam Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki nasl Hazrat Imaam Ali al-Awsat Zain-ul-Aabideen rahmatullāhi alaihi se jaari hai.

♦ Hazrat Ali ki dusri biwiyo ke saahabzaade aur un ki aulaad (nasl) ‘Awaan’ kehlaate hain.
In me Hazrat Abbaas, Hazrat Mohammad bin Hanafiya, aur Hazrat Umar al-Atraf rahmatullāhi alaihi ki aulaad saamil hain.

♦ Hazrat Imaam Hasan al-Mujtaba radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu Hazrate Ismāeel bin Hazrate Ibrāheem alaihis salaam ki miṡl hain aur Hazrat Imaam Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu Hazrate Is’hāq alaihis salaam ki miṡl hain.
Hazrate Ismāeel bin Hazrate Ibrāheem alaihis salaam ki nasl me Sayyed-ul-Ambiya Sarware kaa’inaat Huzoor Mohammad Mustafa sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam tashreef laaye aur Hazrat Imaam Hasan al-Mujtaba radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki nasl me Sayyed-ul-Auliya Hazrate Mohiy-ud-deen Abdul Qaadir Jeelaani tashreef laaye.
Hazrate Is’hāq alaihis salaam ki nasl me Bani Isrāeel me 70000 Ambiya e kiraam tashreef laaye aur Hazrat Imaam Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuki nasl me Aa’imma e Ahle bait tashreef laaye.

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Ahle bait se muta’alliq chand khaas baaten :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(1) Azwaaj e mutahhiraat (Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki biwiya) Ummahaatul mo’mineen hain ya’ni Tamaam ummatiyo ki maan.

Qur’an :
33 Surah al-Ahzaab, Aayat 6 :
Aur aap ki azwaaj e mutahharrat un [mo’mino] ki maaen hain.

(2) Hadees e Nabawi :

Hazrate Ali radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se riwaayat hai ki
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘(Jis tarah) Apne zamaane ki behtareen aurat Maryam hain aur apne zamaane ki behtareen aurat Khadeeja hain.’

(Bukhari, 3/1388, Hadeeṡ -3604;
Muslim, 4/1886, Hadeeṡ -2430;
Ibn Abi Shaibah Fil-Musannaf, 6/390, Hadeeṡ -32289)

(3) Hazrate Ali radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu Maula e kaa’inat aur Faatih e Wilaayat aur Wali e Awwal hain.

Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :

Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam farmaate hain :
[1] Ali mujh se hai aur Main Ali se hu.
[2] Aye ALLĀH, Tu us ko dost rakh jo Ali se dosti rakhe aur zaleel kar usko jo Ali se dushmani rakhe.
[3] Jis ka main Maula hu, Ali bhi us ka maula hai.
[4] Aye Ali, Tumhara martaba mere darbaar me aisa hai jaisa Hazrate Moosā ke darbaar me Hazrate Hāroon ka, magar mere baad koi Nabi tashreef nahi laayega.
[5] Main ilm ka shaher hu aur Ali us ka darwaaza.
[6] Ek martaba Huzoor Nabi e kareem sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne apna daste e aqdas apne sine mubarak par rakhkar farmaaya ‘Aye Ali! Tum Haadi ho aur mere baad raah paane waale tum se raah paaynge. Wilaayat ke silsile tum se jaari rahenge aur ummat ke Aulia, Ulema aur Ghaus o Aqtaab tum se faiz paaynge.’
[7] Tamaam Nabiyon ki zurriyaat (nasab) un ki sulb me hain aur meri zurriyaat Ali ibne Abu Taalib ki sulb me hai.

(4) Hazrate Sayyeda Faatima Zahra radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha Khatoon e Jannat aur Sayyedatan Nisa hain ya’ni Tamaam jannati aurto ki Sardaar.

Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :

Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam farmaate hain :
ALLĀH ne Faatima aur us ki Aulaad par aag Haraam kar di hai.

(Tirmizi;
Abu Naeem)

(5) Hazrate Imaam e Hasan aur Imaam e Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma Sayyed ush Shababi Ahlil Jannah hain ya’ni Tamaam jannati nau-jawaano ke Sardaar.

Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :

[1] Ye mere bete (Hasan aur Husain) musalmano ke Imaam hain, chaahe wo baithe ho ya khade ho.

[2] Mere tamaam Ahle bait me se Hasan aur Husain se main sab se zyada mohabbat karta hu.

[3] Jis ne Hasan aur Husain se mohabbat ki us ne mujh se mohabbat ki aur jis ne Hasan aur Husain se bughz rakha us ne mujh hi se bughz rakha.

(Sunan Ibne Maajah)

[4] Aye ALLĀH! Main Hasan se muhabbat karta hu, tu us se mohabbat rakh aur jo us se mohabbat rakhe us se tu muhabbat rakh.

(Sahih Bukhari, Hadeeṡ –2122, 5884;
Sahih Muslim, Baab -08, Hadeeṡ –6206;
Ibne Maajah, Hadeeṡ –142)

[5] Husain mujh se hai aur Main Husain se hu.

[6] Ek Din Sayyeda Faatima Zahra Radiy-Allāhu ta’aala anha apne dono shehzaade Hazrate Hasan wa Husain radi-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ko Leker Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki baargaah me haazir hui aur arz kiya ki ‘Ya Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam, In dono ko kucha ata farmaiye.’
Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaya ‘Theek hai. Hasan ko maine Ilm wa Haibat ata kiya aur Husain ko apni Shuja’at wa Karam baksha.’

(Ibne Asaakir, Alal-Amn-wal-Ula, Safa-99)

(6) Hazrate Ameer Hamza ibne Abdul Muttalib radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu Sayyed ush Shohada hain ya’ni Tamaam Shaheedo ke Sardaar.

Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :
Jin ki dua qubool hone me der hoti ho unhe chaahiye ke Hazrate Hamza ke waseele se dua karen.

(7) Hazrate Abbaas ibne Abdul Muttalib radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ke waseele se Khalifa aur Ameer-ul-mo’mineen Hazrate Umar Faarooq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu dua maangte to baarish hoti.

(8) Hazrat Anas Radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu bayaan karte hain ke Maine Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ko farmaate hue suna hai ki
‘Hum Abdul Muttalib ibn Haashim ki aulaad Ahle Jannat ke Sardaar honge ya’ni Main, Hamza, Ali, Ja’afar, Hasan, Husain Aur Mahadi (radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma).’

(Ibne Maajah, 2/1368, Hadeeṡ -4087;
Al-Minhaaj-us-Sawi, Safa -638, Hadeeṡ -716)

(9) Jung e Badr me kaafiro ne muqabale ke liye ahle Quraish ko bhejne ke liye kaha tab Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Hazrate Hamza ibne Abdul Muttalib, Hazrate Ali ibne Abu Taalib aur Hazrate Ubaida ibne Haaris Radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ko bheja tha.

(10) 10 Hijri me Fateh Makka ke baad Yemen ke Najraan qabeele ke Nasraaniyo (Eisaai) ko Islaam apnaane ka paighaam bheja gaya aur unho ne Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke saath mubaahila karne ka iraade se chand logo ko Madeena bheje tab Aayat e Mubaahila ke zariye hukm e ilāhi ke baad Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam apne saath Hazrat Ali, Sayyeda Faatima, Hazrat Hasan aur Hazrat Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ko lekar tashreef le gaye. In hazraat ke nooraani chehre dekhkar Nasraaniyo khauf ki wajah se mubaahila karna mauqoof rakha aur ‘Jaziya’ dena muqarrar karke waapas laut gaye.

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Mas’ala :
(1) Ye martaba in Hazraat ko nisbat e Rasool-Allāh ki wajah se mila hai.
Kisi bhi Imaam ya Wali ko ye martaba haasil nahi.

(2) Ahle bait ko Zakaat ya Sadqa dena mana hai. Unhe sirf Hadiya de sakte hain.

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Ahle bait ke foyuz o barkaat haasil karne ke 9 Tareeqe hain :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾

(1) Bai’at – Peer e tareeqat ka mureed hona.

(2) Ta’azeem – Ahle bait aur un se nisbat rakhne waali har cheez ki ta’azeem wa ehtaraam karna.

(3) Sohbat wa khidmat – Ahle bait ki sohbat me rehna ya un ki mehfil me jaana ya un ki khidmat karte rehna aur un ko Nazraana e aqeedat paish karte rehna.

(4) Ita’at – Ahle bait ki ita’at karna aur un ke farmaan par amal karna.

(5) Itteba (Pairwi) – Ahle bait ke Aa’imma wa akaabir ke dars e amal (Qaul o fail) par amal karna.

(6) Tawassul wa Istegaasah – Ahle bait ke waseele se ALLĀH ta’ala se dua karna.

(7) Madah wa Zikr – Apni guftagu me, bayaan me ya manqabat me Ahle bait ke fazaail wa martaba, sirat wa amal, zindagi aur karaamat wagairah ka tazkira karna.

(8) Isaal e ṡawaab – Koi bhi nek kaam karke ya’ni Namaaz, Tilaawat e Qura’n, Zikr o Durood, Roza, Sadqa-Khiraat, Hajj ya Umrah, Tawaaf e Ka’aba, Qurbaani, Nyaaz karke un ko isaal e ṡawaab karna.

(9) Ziyarat – Ahle bait ke mazaar par haazir hona.

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Ahle bait se mohabbat ka izhaar karne ke aur un ke foyuz o barkaat haasil karne ke sirf yehi tareeqe hain aur is ke ilaawa kisi bhi naye tareeqe ko sahi maanne waala na-daan hai.
Bad-mazhabo ke galat tareeqe par amal karna ya’ni Moharram me ya Ahle bait ke afraad ke yaum e wisaal ya urs ke mauqe par Maatam, Chokaara, Naachna gaana bajaana, Khel tamaasha ko Ahle bait se mohabbat ki nishaani maanna ye sab naadaani hai.
Aur in sab ko sahi saabit karne ke liye galat daleelen pesh karna ye waqt aur mahenat ko zaaya karna hai.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae.
Aur Sab ko Ahle bait ki sachi mohabbat ata farmae aur un ki Ta’azeem karne ki aur un ko haajat me imdaad karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Ahle bait ke waseele se Sab ko un ki pairwi karne ki aur nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur ye sab baaten yaad rakhne ki aur dusro ko bataane ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.

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Hajj ka bayaan :

Qura’n :
3 Surah Aale Imraan, Aayat 97 :

وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَنْ كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ

Aur ALLĀH ta’ala ka haq hai insaan par ke Baitullāh ka Hajj kare jo waha pahunchne ki haisiyat rakhta ho.

5 Surah al-Maa’idah, Aayat 97 :

ALLĀH ne hurmat waale ghar Ka’aba ko logo ke qayaam ka baa’is bana diya hai aur (Zil Hijjah ke) hurmat waale mahine ko (arkaan e Hajj ada karne ke liye chuna hai) aur (Hajj ke liye) Ka’aba (par aane waale logo) ki qurbaani ko aur gale me alaamati patte waale (qurbaani ke) jaanwaro ko bhi (ALLĀH ne hurmat ata farmai), Ye is liye tumhe ilm ho jaaye ke jo kuchh aasmaano me hai aur jo kuchh zameen me hai ALLĀH khoob jaanta hai aur ALLĀH har cheez se bahot waaqif hai.

Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :
Jo shakhs (Hajj farz hone ke baad) Hajj kiye baghair mar jaaye to wo chaahe to Yahudi hokar mare ya Nasraani hokar mare.
(Tirmizi, Jild -1, Safa -167)

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♦ Hajj ki Fazeelaten :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :

(1) Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘Hajj aur Umrah karne waale ALLĀH ta’ala ke mehmaan hain. ALLĀH ta’ala ne inhe bulaaya ye haazir hue, inho ne maanga aur us ne inhe diya.’

(Sunan Ibne Maajah, Jild -2, Hadeeṡ -1049)

(2) Hazrte Abdullāh ibne Mas’ood radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se riwaayat hai ke
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘Hajj aur Umrah mohtaaji aur gunaaho ko aise door karte hain jaise bhatti lohe, chandi aur sone ke mail ko door karti hai aur Hajj e mabroor ka sawaab Jannat hi hai.’

(Tirmizi;
Ibne Maajah;
Ibne Khuzema)

(3) Hajj un gunaaho ko khatm kar deta hai jo paishtar hue.

(4) Jis ne Hajj kiya aur Rafs (fahash kalaam) na kiya aur fisq na kiya to gunaaho se paak hokar aise lauta jaise us din maa ke pait se paida hua.
(Bukhari)

(5) Ek Umrah dusre umrah tak un gunaaho ka kaffara hai jo darmiyaan me hue aur Hajj e mabroor ka sawaab jannat hi hai.
(Ibne Maajah)

(6) Haaji ki maghfirat ho jaati hai aur haaji jis ke liye kare us ki bhi.

(7) Haaji apne ghar waalo me se 400 ki shafa’at karega.

(8) Jo Hajj ke liye nikla aur faut ho gaya to Qayaamat tak us ke liye Hajj ka sawaab likha jaayega aur Jo Umrah ke liye nikla aur faut ho gaya us ke liye Qayaamat tak Umrah ka sawaab likha jaayega aur Jo Jihaad ke liye gaya aur mar gaya us ke liye Qayaamat tak Ghaazi (Mujaahid) ka sawaab likha jaaeyga.

(Sho’ab-ul-Eimaan)

(9) Jo us raah me (Hajj ya Umrah) ke liye nikla aur mar gaya us ki paishi nahi hogi, na hisaab hoga aur kaha jaayega tu jannat me daakhil ho jaa.

(Tibrani;
Bayhaqi)

(10) Agar koi apni (marhoom) Maa ya Baap ki taraf se Hajj kare to un ki taraf se Hajj ada ho jaayega aur use (ya’ni Hajj karne waale ko) majeed 10 Hajj ka ṡawaab milega.

(Darqutani, Jild -2. Safa -229, Hadeeṡ -2587)

***********
♦ Hajj 9 Hijri me Farz hua. Is saal Huzoore akram Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Hazrate Abu Bakr Siddeeq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ko Ameer ul Hujjaj banakar Sahaaba e kiraam ke saath Hajj ke liye bheja.

♦ 10 Hijri me Huzoore akram Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Hajj ada kiya. Ye hajj ‘Hajjatul Wida’ ke naam se mash’hoor hai.
Kyun ki is Hajj me aap ne apne ashaaba se farmaaya ‘Mujh se Hajj ke ahkaam sikh lo ke is ke baad main Hajj na karunga.’
Aap ne is hajj ke dauraan kai maqaamat par apne ashaaba ke sawaalo ke jawaab diye aur un ko Hajj aur Shariat e islaam ke baare me baaten batai.
Isi dauraan Surah al-Ma’idah ki aayat 3 ‘Al-yauma akmaltu lakum deenkum wa atmamtu alaikum niamati wa radeetu lakumul islaam deenan’ naazil hui.
Aur ALLAH ta’ala Huzoore akram sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki dua se Arfaat me Huqooqullāh aur Muzdalifah me Huqooq ul ibaad muaf karne ka waada farmaaya hai.

***********
♦ Hajj ki ta’areef :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
ALLĀH ta’ala ki Ibaadaat ke liye Ehraam ke saath Niyyat karke Zil Hijja ke 5 din me ya’ni 8we chaand se 12we din tak Mina me qayaam karke musalsal muqarrar din ko muqarrar waqt par muqarrar maqaam par tarteeb ke saath muqarrar arkaan ya’ni Wuqoof e Arafa, Wuqoof e Muzdalifa, Rami e Jimaar, Qurbaani, Halaq ya Taqseer aur Tawaaf e Ziyarat ada karne ko ‘Hajj’ kehte hain.

***********
♦ Masaa’il :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(1) Hajj us musalman par Farz hai jo Aaqil, Baaligh,Tandurast aur Saahib e isteta’at ho.
Agar in shara’it me se ek baat bhi maujood na ho to Hajj Farz nahi ya’ni Kaafir par, Na-baaligh par, Majnoon (paagal) par, Apaahij ya ma’azoor par, Ghulaam par ya Faqeer (ghareeb) par Hajj farz nahi. Agar aise shakhs ne Hajj kiya to wo Hajj e nafl hoga aur jab us me ye tamaam shara’it aa jaaye to use phir se Fazr hajj karna hoga.

Saahib e isteta’at se muraad wo shakhs hai jis ke paas itna maal hai ke wo Hajj ke safar ka kharch kar sake aur saath me us ke maatehat ya’ni ahlo ayaal, khaadim aur jin ki parwarish un ke zimme hai hajj ke safar se waapas aane tak un ki zaroorat ke liye maal chhod sake.

(2) Musalman par Hajj sirf ek baar hi Farz hai.
Is ke baad jab bhi karega ‘Nafl’ hoga.

(3) Jab Hajj ke liye jaane par qaadir ho gaya foran ya’ni usi saal me hajj farz ho gaya aur ab taakhir karna gunah hai. Chand saal tak na kiya to Faasiq hai aur us ki gawaahi mardood hogi.
Magar jab karega ada hi hai, Qaza nahi.

(4) Kisi ne Hajj ki Mannat maani to wo kaam pura hone par Hajj ada karna Waajib hai.

(5) Hajj ka Ehraam baandha magar ada na kiya to Tauba bhi karni hogi aur aa’inda saal phir se Ehraam baandhkar Hajj ada karna hoga. Agar Makka me hai to Masjid e Haraam aakar Umrah kar le ya’ni Tawaaf aur Saee karke phir Halaq ya Qasr karke Ehraam se baahar ho jaaye.

(6) Jis ka Hajj faut ho gaya ya’ni 9wi Zil Hijja ko muqarrar waqt par Wuqoof e Arfa na mila ho to Masjid e Haraam aakar Umrah kar le ya’ni Tawaaf aur Saee karke phir Halaq ya Qasr karke Ehraam se baahar ho jaaye.
Qaarin ka Hajj fot ho gaya to wo Umrah ka Tawaaf wa Saee karne ke baad ek aur Tawaaf wa Saee kare aur phir Halaq ya Taqseer karke Ehraam se baahar ho jaaye.
Aur aa’inda saal phir se Ehraam baandhkar Hajj ki Qaza kare. Umrah kar chuka hai is liye Umrah ki Qaza nahi.

›› Jis ka Hajj faut hua us ne Umrah karke Ehraam na khola aur usi Ehraam se aa’inda saal Hajj kiya to Hajj sahi na hua. Is liye aa’inda saal naye Ehraam se Hajj karna hoga.

(7) Jis par Hajj Farz ho aur kisi Uzr ki wajah se khud hajj na kar sakta ho to wo apne badle kisi aur ko Hajj ke liye bhej sakta hai. Ise ‘Hajj e Badal’ kehte hain.
Agar dusre ko Hajj e badal ke liye bhejne wala Aajiz na ho ya’ni khud Hajj kar sakta ho to us ki taraf se koi Hajj nahi kar sakta aur karaye to wo Hajj kaafi nahi.
Hajj ke waqt se marne ke waqt tak uzr barabar baaqi rehna zaroori hai. Agar bich me is qaabil ho jaaye ke khud Hajj kar sake to khud Hajj karna zaroori hai, pehle wala Hajj us ke liye kaafi nahi. Haan agar aisa koi uzr tha jis ki jaane ki ummeed na thi aur ittefaakan jaata raha to pehla Hajj jo us ki taraf se kiya gaya wo kaafi hai. Jaise wo andha tha aur Hajj karane ke baad wo ankhyaara ho gaaya to ab dubara Hajj karane ki zaroorat nahi.

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♦ Hajj ke muta’aalliq chand zaroori baaten :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(1) Jis ki ijaazat lena waajib hai baghair un ki ijazat Hajj ka safar makrooh hai jaise Waalidain ya Shohar, unhe raza-mand kar len. Agar maa-baap na ho to Daada-daadi ke liye bhi yahi hukm hai.
Agar ijaazat na mile tab bhi farz hajj ke liye chale jaayen.
Nafl hajj ho to mutlaqan waalidain ki ita’at karen.

(2) Aurat ke saath us ka Shohar ya Mahram hona laazmi hai.
Mahram use kehte hain jis se us ka nikaah hamesha ke liye haraam hai.
(Baghair maharam ke hajj karegi to Hajj ho jaayega magar har qadam par gunaah likha jaayega.)

(3) Hajj ke safar ka maqsad sirf ALLĀH ta’ala ki raza aur izhaar e ishq e Rasool sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam hona chahiye, Riyakaari (dikhaawa) aur fakhr nahi.

(4) Saamaan e safar Halaal maal se len warna Hajj qubool hone ki ummeed nahi, agarche farz ada ho jaayega.

(5) Agar Ghusl, Wuzu, Namaaz, Roza wagairah ke sahih masa’il ma’aloom na ho to sikh len.

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♦ Hajj ki Qismen :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Hajj ada karne ke 3 tareeqe hain :
(1) Hajj e Ifraad (2) Hajj e Tamattu’ (3) Hajj e Qiraan.

(1) Hajj e Ifraad – Meeqat aur hudood e haram ke darmiyaan rehne waale log Hajj e Ifraad karte hain.
Is me sirf Hajj ka Ehraam baandha jaata hai aur is me Umrah saamil nahi hai.
Mufrid (Hajj e Ifraad karne waale) par Qurbaani waajib nahi balke mustahab hai. (Agar mufrid ki niyaat Qurbaani karne ki hai to qurbaani karne ke baad Halaq ya Qasr karaye aur Ehraam utar de.)

(2) Hajj e Tamattu – Meeqat ke baahar se aane wale Hajj e tamattu’ ada kar sakte hain.
Is me Meeqaat se pehle sirf Umrah ki niyyat ki jaati hai. Umrah ada karne ke baad Halaq ya takseer karwa ke Ehraam khol diya jaata hai aur Zil Hijja ke 8we chaand tak Makka shareef me qayaam kiya jaata hai. Zil Hijja ke 8we chaand phir se Masjide Haram se Ehraam baandh kar Hajj ki niyyat ki jaati hai.

(3) Hajj e Qiraan – Ye Hajj sab se afzal hai aur is ka sawaab ziyada hai.
Is me Umrah aur Hajj ka ehraam ek saath baandha jaata hai ya’ni dono ki niyyat ek saath ki jaati hai.
Qaarin Umrah ke baad jo pehla tawaaf karta hai use ‘Tawaaf e Qudoom’ kehte hain, jo Sunnat hai. Tawwaf e Qudoom ke saath Saee karne ka iraada ho to pehle 3 phero me Ramal aur Iztibah bhi karen.
Qaarin ko Umrah pura hone par Halaq ya kasar nahi karana hai aur Ehraam bhi nahi utarna hai. Qaarin Ehraam ki haalat me hi hone ke sabab use 8wi Zil Hijja ko Hajj ka Ehraam baandhne ki zaroorat nahi.
Qaarin 10 Zil Hijja ko bade shaitaan ki Rami karne ke baad Qurbaani kare aur Halaq ya kasar karaaye. Is ke baad Ehraam ki paabandi khatm ho jaati hai. Yaha tak ehram ki tamaam paabandiya jaari rahegi.
Hajj e Qiraan karne waale se koi Jurm (galti) ho jaye to use Dugna jurmaana (kaffaara) ada karna hoga.

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♦ Manaasik e Hajj :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
›› 8 Zil Hijja :
Hajj ka pehla din – Yaum e Tarwiyyah :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
♦ Ehraam ke saath Niyyat karke Mina pahunchna. (Shart)
♦ Mina me Zohar, Asr, Maghrib, Ishaa aur 9wi Zil Hijja ki Fajr ki namaaz padhna. (Sunnat)

“”””””””””
›› 9 Zil Hijja :
Hajj ka dusra din – Yaum-ul-Hajj :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
♦ Suraj nikalne ke baad Arafaat me jaakar rookna. (Farz)
♦ Zohar aur Asr ki namaaz padhna.
♦ Sooraj ghuroob hone ke baad baghair Maghrib ki namaaz padhe Arafaat se nikalna. (Waajib)
♦ Muzdalifah pahunchkar Maghrib aur Isha ki namaaz ek saath padhna. (Waajib)
♦ Phir Rami ke liye kankariya chunna.

“”””””””””
›› 10 Zil Hijja :
Hajj ka teesra din – Yaum-un-Nahar :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
♦ Fajr ki namaaz padhkar sooraj nikalne ke thodi der tak Muzdalifah me rookna. (Sunnat)
♦ Phir Mina me jaakar bade shaitaan ko 7 kankariya marna. (Waajib)
♦ Phir Qurbaani karna. (Waajib)
♦ Phir Sar ke baal mundwana ya katarwana. (Waajib)
♦ Phir Ghusl karke Ehraam ka libaas utaarna.
♦ Phir Tawaaf e Ziyarat karna. (Farz)
(Is Tawaaf ke saath Saee bhi karna hai.)

“”””””””””
›› 11 Zil Hijja :
Hajj ka chotha din – Yaum e Tashriq :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
♦ Zawaal ke baad Teeno Jamraat ki Rami karna. (Waajib)
♦ Qurbaani aur Tawaaf e Ziyarat agar 10wi Zil Hijja ko na kiya ho to aaj karna hai.

“”””””””””
›› 12 Zil Hijja :
Hajj ka 5wa din – Yaum e Tashriq :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
♦ Zawaal ke baad Teeno Jamraat ki Rami karna. (Waajib)
♦ Qurbaani aur Tawaaf e Ziyarat agar agle 2 dino me na kiya ho to aaj karna hai.

“”””””””””
▪▪► Tawaaf e Ziyarat ka waqt 12wi Zil Hijja ko ghuroob e aaftaab se pehle tak hi hai.

“”””””””””
▪▪► 12 Zil Hijja ko tamaam umoor se faarigh hokar aap Makka aa sakte hain.
Magar behtar hai ke aap Mina hi me rook kar 13 Zil Hijja ko bhi Rami karke Makka aayen.

“”””””””””
♦ Tawaaf e Wida (Tawaaf e Rukhsat) :
Jab Makka se rawaana hone ka waqt aaye tab ye Tawaaf karna hai.
(Meeqaat ke baahar se aane wale Haajiyo par Waajib hai.)

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♦ Hajj ke Fara’iz :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(1) Ehraam ke saath Hajj ki Niyyat karna.
(2) Wuqoof e Arafaat ya’ni 9wi Zil Hijja ko Zawaal ke baad se Arafaat me thehrna.
(3) Tawaaf e Ziyarat.
(4) Arkaan ki tarteeb.
(5) Har farz ko us ke waqt par ada karna.

♦ Hajj ke Waajibaat :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(1) Meeqaat se Ehraam bandhna.
(2) Wuqoof e Arafaat me sooraj doob jaaye waha tak thehrna.
(3) Wuqoof e Muzdalifah.
(4) Muzdalifah me aakar Maghrib wa Ishaa ki namaaz ikttha ada karna.
(5) Muzdalifah se Mina aakar Rami e Jimaar karna ya’ni 10wi ko bade shaitaan ko kankariya maarna (Tuloo e aaftab se zawaal tak ka waqt Sunnat hai.) aur 11wi aur 12wi ko Zawaal ke baad teeno shaitaano mo kankariya maarna.
(6) Bade shaitaan ki Rami ke baad Qurbaani karna aur baad me Halaq ya Kasar karana.
(7) Qaarin aur Mutamatti par Qurbani waajib hai.
(8) Wuqoof e Arfaat ke baad se sar mundaane ya baal katrwaane tak Jima’a na karna.
(9) Tawaaf e Ziyarat ke pehle 4 chakkar farz aur baaqi 3 chakkar waajib hai.
(10) Saee arna ya’ni Safa-Marwa ke darmiyaan 7 chakkar lagaana.
(11) Tawaaf e Wida (Tawaaf e Rukhsat)
(Meeqat ke baahar se aane wale Haajiyo par Waajib hai.)

♦ Hajj ki Sunnaten :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(1) Tawaaf e Qudoom (Mufrid aur Qaarin ke liye Sunnat hai.)
(2) Tawaaf e Farz ya Tawwaf e Qudoom me Ramal karna.
(3) Saee me Safa-Marwa ke darmiyaan jo Milain akhzarain hain unke darmiyaan mardo ko daudna.
(4) Hajj ke liye 8we chaand namaaz e Fajr ke baad Makka shareef se rawaana hona aur Mina me 5 namaazen padhna.
(5) 9wi raat Mina me guzaarna aur sooraj nikalne ke baad Mina se Arfaat ko rawaana hona.
(6) Wuqoof e Arafaat ke liye Ghusl karna.
(7) Arafaat se waapasi me Muzdalifah me raat thehrna aur Tuloo aaftaab (sooraj nikalne) se pehle Muzdalifah se mina ki taraf rawaana hona.
(8) Qurbaani aur Halaq ya taqsir ke baad ghusl karke ehraam utaar dena.
(9) Mabeet ya’ni 11wi, 12wi aur (13wi ko rookna ho to) 13wi raat Mina me guzaarna.

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♦ Aashiqaane Mustafa ko sab se badi khushqismati ye haasil hogi ke
Makka me Hajj ke arkaan ada karne ke baad wo Madeena munawwara me Roza e Rasool sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam par haazir hokar Ziyarat karenge aur Salaam pesh karenge.
Aur Masjid e Nabawi me Ibaadat aur Dua karenge.

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Hajj Training Camp :

Hajj Training Camp :

Aashiqaane Mustafa se guzarish hai ki
Is links ko bhi open karke post padhen aur Share karen.

***********
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Sab ko Ka’abatullāh aur Roza e Rasool ki ziyarat ki sa’adat ata farmae.
Aur jo khushnaseeb Mo’min Hajj ke liye jaa rahe hain un ki Hajj, Umrah, Tawaaf aur Ibaadat ko aasaan farmae aur qubool farmae.
Aur un ki tamaam jaa’iz duaen qubool farmae.
Aameen.

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Qurbaani ka bayaan :

Qur’an :
108 Surah al-Kauṡar, Aayat 2 :

فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ
Pas apne Rab ke liye Namaaz padho aur Qurbaani diya karo.

Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :

(1) Hazrate Aa’isha Siddeeqa radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha se riwaayat hai ki :
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘Qurbaani ke dino me aadami ka koi kaam Rab ki baargaah me khoon bahane (ya’ni jaanwar ki Qurbaani karne) se zyada pyara nahi aur wo jaanwar qayaamat ke din apni singo aur khuro ke saath aayega aur qurbaani ka khoon zameen par girne se pehle Rab ta’ala ke nazdeek qubooliyat ke maqaam pahunch jaata hai.’
(Tirmizi;
Ibne Maajah)

(2) Hazrat Imaam Hasan al-Mujtaba ibn Ali radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha se riwaayat hai ki :
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘Jis ne khulus dil se Taalib e sawaab ho kar qurbaani ki wo Qurbaani jahannam ki aag se aad ho jaayegi.’

(3) Hazrate Abu Huraira radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se riwaayat hai ki :
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘Jis par Qurbaani waajib ho aur wo na kare to hamari Eidgaah ke qareeb hargiz na aaye.’
(Ibne Maajah)

(4) Hazrat Jundab radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se riwaayat hai ki :
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Namaaz padhane ke baad Khutba diya, Phir Qurbaani ki aur farmaaya,
‘Jis ne (Eid Ki) Namaaz se pehle Qurbaani kar di ho use badle me dusre jaanwar ki Qurbaani karni chaahiye Aur jis ne Namaaz se pehle Qurbaani na ki ho wo ALLĀH ke naam se Qurbaani kare.’
(Sahih Bukhari, Jild -2, Hadeeṡ -985)

(5) Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Hazrate Sayyeda Faatima radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se farmaaya
‘Aye Faatima, Utho aur apni qurbaani ke jaanwar ke paas maujood raho, us ke khoon ka pehla katra girte hi saahib e qurbaani ki tamaam khatayen muaf kar di jaati hai.’

**************
Qurbaani ki ta’areef :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
ALLĀH ke liye ṡawaab ki Niyyat se Khaas jaanwar ko makhsoos ayyaam me zibah karna ‘Qurbaani’ hai.

****************
Masa’il :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(1) Qurbaani Musalmaan, Muqeem, Aazaad, Maalik e nisaab par Waajib hai.

(2) Qurbaani Mard aur Aurat dono par waajib hai.

(3) Musaafir par qurbaani waajib nahi, lekin agar nafl ke taur par karna chaahe to kar sakta hai sawaab paayega.

(4) Qurbaani ek maali ibaadat hai jo Ghani par waajib hai.

(5) Maalik e nisaab se muraad itna maal ho jitne maal se Sadqa e fitr waajib hota hai ya’ni haajat e asliya ke ilaawa 200 dirham (saade 52 tola chaandi) ya 20 deenaar (saade 7 tola sona) ka maalik ho.

(6) Maqrooz (Qarzdaar) ke paas itna maal hai ke Qarz nikaalne ke baad Nisaab tak pahunch jaata hai to us par Qurbaani waajib hai, warna nahi.

(7) Agar kisi ke paas maal hai magar is waqt maujood nahi ya’ni qurbaani ke baad milega to us par Qurbaani Waajib nahi ayyaam e Qurbaani me bhi nahi aur is ke baad bhi nahi.

(8) Agar pariwaar me jitne shakhs Maalik e nisaab hain un tamaam par alag alag Qurbaani karna Waajib hai.
Sirf baap hi saahib e nisaab hai to sirf usi par Qurbaani Waajib hai, aulaad par nahi. Agar wasiyat karke milkiyat ka hissa zaahir kar diya ho magar aulaad ko un ka hissa nahi mila hai ya baap ke marne ke baad milega to wo saahib e nisaab nahi. Is soorat me Aulaad ki taraf se Qurbaani Mustahab hai.
Aulaad me se jo bhi saahib e nisaab ho un sab par Qurbaani Waajib hai, Waalid ki Qurbaani kaafi nahi.
Isi tarah Biwi saahib e nisaab hai to us par Qurbaani Waajib hai.

(9) Kisi ne Qurbaani ke liye jaanwar kharida tha wo gum ho gaya aur us ka maal nisaab se kam hua to us par dusra jaanwar kharidkar Qurbaani karna Waajib nahi.
Agar wo jaanwar Ayyaam e Qurbaani me hi mil jaaye to us waqt saahib e nisaab hai to Qurbaani Waajib hai warna Mustahab.

**************
Qur’an :
22 Surah al-Hajj, Aayat 37 :

Hargiz ALLĀH ko na to un (qurbaaniyo) ka gosht pahunchta hai aur na un ka khoon magar ise tumhari taraf se Taqwa [parhezgaari] pahunchta hai.

ALLĀH ta’ala sirf Qurbaani ya’ni Jaanwar ko zibah karna nahi maangta, balke Qurbaani ke saath Ahkaam e shariat ki paabandi aur parhezgaari aur Islaam ke liye apne maal wa jaan ki qurbaani pesh karne ka jazba chaahta hai.
Is liye Qurbaani me Ikhlaas aur Raza e ilāhi ki aur Ita’at wa Itteba e Rasool sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki niyyat honi chaahiye. Riya (dikhaawa) aur Takabbur waali Qurbaani maqbool na hogi. Haan, ye khushi honi chaahiye ke ALLĀH ta’ala ne apne fazl se Qurbaani karne ke qaabil banaaya.

Qurbaani Hazrate Ibrāheem alaihis salaam ki Sunnat hai. Aap ALLĀH ta’ala ke farmaan par apne ek laute farzand Hazrate Ismā’eel alaihis salaam ki Qurbaani paish karne ke liye tayyar hue aur dono baap aur bete ne apne mukammal Ishq e ilāhi paish kiya. ALLĀH ta’ala ne in ki Qurbaani qubool farmaakar Hazrate Jibr’eel alaihis salaam ke saath jannat se dumba bheja aur Hazrate Ismaa’eel alaihis salaam ke badle us dumbe ki qurbaani hui.
Is liye musalman ko Qurbaani ka puri tarah ehtaraam karna laazim hai.

(1) Qurbaani aur Qurbaani ke jaanwaro ke ta’aalluq se kisi bhi qism ke behuda faaltu Lateefe (Jokes), Shaayari, Tasweeren, Audio ya Video share na karen.

(2) Jaanwar kharidte waqt us ki munaasib qeemat ada karen, na bahot zyada na bahot kam. Agar 15000 se 20000 ki qeemat ka jaanwar mil jaata hai jo qurbaani ke laa’iq hai to wo hi behtar hai. 100000 se 150000 ka jaanwar kharidna ye fuzul-kharchi (maal ko zaaya karna) hai aur is me Riya aur Takabbur saamil hai. Agar kam qeemat me jaanwar mil jaata hai to baaqi raqam ko aap khairaat karke ghareebo-miskeeno aur haajatmando ko madad kar sakte hain.

(3) Qurbaani ka jaanwar kharidne me aur deeagar kharch me sirf Halaal maal ko kharch karen, Haraam maal se ki gai qurbaani maqbool na hogi.

(4) Qurbaani ke jaanwar kharidte waqt ya un ko apne makaan par rakhne ke dauraan ya Zibah karne ke dauraan ya us ke baad photo ya video banaana ye bhi gunaah hai.

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Qurbaani ke jaanwar ke masaa’il :
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(1) Oont, Gaaye, Bail, Bhens, Bakri, Bhed, Dumba in jaanwar ki Qurbaani ho sakti hai.
Nar ho ya maada, Khassi ho ya ghair-khassi.

Wehshi (jangali) jaanwar jaise Hiran, Neel gaaye, Baara singha wagairah ki Qurbaani nahi ho sakti.

(2) Jab kisi shakhs me aage bayaan ki gai Qurbaani ki Sharten paai jaaye to us par Bakri, Bhed ya Dumba Zibah karna ya Bade jaanwar ya’ni Oont, Gaaye, Bail ya Bhens ka 7wa hissa Waajib hai. Is se kam nahi ho sakta, ya’ni 1 shakhs ki taraf se 1 jaanwar ki Qurbaani karni hogi aur bade jaanwar me 7 se zyada log shareek nahi ho sakte.

(3) Qurbaani ke jaanwar ki umr :
Oont 5 saal;
Gaaye, Bail, Bhens 2 saal;
Bakri, Bhed, Dumba 1 saal.

Is se kam umr ho to najaa’iz hai.
Haan, Agar Dumba ya Bhed ka 6 maaha bacha itna bada ho ke door se dekhne me saal bhar ka maaloom hota ho Qubaani jaa’iz hai.

(4) Qurbaani ka jaanwar mota, taaza aur achha hona chaahiye. Aibi na hona chaahiye.
Agar thoda sa aib ho to qurbaani ho jaayegi magar makrooh rahegi aur agar ziyada aib hai to hogi hi nahi.

Munda jis ke paidaishi sing na ho jaa’iz hai.
Agar singh the aur tut gaye meng (guda) tak tut gaye to jaa’iz nahi is se kam tuta to jaa’iz hai.

Behad dubla, Andha, kaana, langda, kaan kata, dum kata, be dant ka, than kata,than sukha, naak kata, paidaishi be-kaan ka, beemaar, khansa (jis ke dono nishaaniya ho), jal’lala (jo sirf ghaliz khata ho) in sab ki qurbaani jaa’iz nahi.

Beemaari agar khafifa hai aur langdapan halka hai ki chal fir leta hai qurbaan-gaah tak ja sakta hai ya naak, kaan, dum tihai se ziyada nahi kate to jaa’iz hai.

Aisa paagal jaanwar jo charta na ho, ya kisi beemaari ki wajah se chaara na khaa sakta ho, Itna kamzor ke theek se khada na reh sakta ho aise jaanwar ki qurbaani jaa’iz nahi.

Qurbaani karte waqt jaanwar uchhla kooda aur us se aibi ho gaya to harj nahi.

(5) Qurbaani ki aur pait me zinda bacha hai to use bhi zibah kar den ya Aur kaam me bhi laa sakte hain aur mara hua ho to use phenk den.
Kharidne ke baad Qurbaani se pehle jaanwar ne bacha de diya to use bhi zibah kar daalen aur agar bech diya to us ki qeemat ko Sadqa karen.
Agar Ayyaam e Qurbaani me zibah na kiya to zinda sadqa kar den.

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Qurbaani me Shirkat ke masa’il :
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(1) Jab Bade jaanwar ki qurbaani me 7 log shareek ho to agar kisi shareek ka hissa 7we se kam hai to kisi ki Qurbaani sahi na hogi.
Haan, agar 7 se kam shareek ho aur hisse bhi kam o besh ho, Lekin kisi ka hissa 7we se kam na ho to jaa’iz hai.

(2) Qurbani ke tamaam shareeko ki niyyat taqarrub ya’ni sawaab paana hona chaahiye, khaali gosht haasil karna na ho. Lihaaza Aqeeqa karne waala shareek ho sakta hai (ki Aqeeqa bhi taqarrub ki ek surat hai).

(3) Qurbani me sirf mo’mino ko hi shareek karen, Kaafir ya bad-mazhab ko shareek karna jaa’iz nahi.

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Qurbaani ka waqt :
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(1) Qurbaani ka waqt 10wi Zil Hijja ki Subah saadiq se 12wi ke Ghuroob e aaftaab tak ya’ni 3 din aur 2 raaten; Lekin 10wi ko afzal hai. phir 11wi, phir 12wi.

(2) Qurbaani ke waqt me qurbaani hi karna laazim hai itni raqam ya itni qeemat ka jaanwar Sadqa karne se waajib ada na hoga.

(3) Qurbaani ke din guzar jaane ke baad qurbaani faut ho gai, ab nahi ho sakti . Lihaza agar koi jaanwar qurbaani ke liye khareed rakha hai to us ko sadqa kare warna ek bakri ki qeemat sadqa kare.

(4) Shaher me qurbaani ki jaaye to shart ye hai ki namaaz e Eid ke baad ho, aur dehaat me chunki namaaz e Eid nahi hai is liye subah saadiq ke baad ho sakti hai.

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Qurbaani ka tareeqa :
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(1) Behtar ye hai ke jaanwar umda farbah ho.
Qurbaani se pehle use chaara paani de den ya’ni Bhuka pyaasa zibah na karen.

(2) Ek ke saamne dusre ko zibah na karen.

(3) Pehle Se chhuri tez kar len aisa na ho ke Janwar giraane ke baad us ke saamne chhuri tez ki jaaye.

(4) Jaanwar ko Baayen pehlu par is tarah letaaye ke Qibal ki jaanib us ka munh ho aur daahina paav us ke pehlu par rakhkar tez chhuri se jald zibah kar diya jaaye.

(5) Zibah se pehle ye Dua padhen :

“اِنِّیْ وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِيْ فَطَرَالسَّمٰوٰت وَالْاَرْضَ حَنِيْفًا وَّمَا اَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِيْن. اِنَّ صَلٰوتِيْ وَنُسُكِيْ وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِيْ لِلّهِ ربِّ الْعٰلَمِيْ
لََا شَرِيْكَ لَه وَبِذٰلِكَ اُمِرْتُ وَاَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ. اَللّهُمَّ لَكَ وَ مِنْكَ بِسْمِ اللهِ اللهُ اَكْبَرُ ”

Inni wajjahtu wajahiyaa lillazee fataras-samaawaati wal arda Haneefanw wama anaa minal mushrikeen, Inaas salaatee wa nusukee wa mahyaayaa wa mamaatee lillāhi Rabbil aalameen. Laa shareeka lahoo wa bizaalika umirtu wa anaa minal muslimeen. Allāhumma laka wa minka Bismillāhi Allāhu Akbar.

Ise padhkar foran Zibah kar den.

Qurbaani apni taraf se ho to zibah ke baad ye Dua padhen :

” اَللّھُمَّ تَقَبَّلْ مِنِّيْ كَمَا تَقَبَّلْتَ مِنْ خَلِيْلِكَ اِبْرَاهِيْمَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام وَحَبِيْبِكَ مُحَمَّدٍ صــلَّى اللّٰــهُ تعـَـالٰى عَليْــه وسَـلَّمْ ”

Allāhumma taqabbal minni kamaa taqabbalta min khaleelika Ibrāheem alaihis salaam wa Habeebika Mohammadin sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam.

Aur agar dusre ki taraf se Zibah karna hai to “مِنِّي ” ki jagah “مِن” ke baad us shakhs ka naam len.
Aur mushtarik jaanwar hai to sab shareeko ke naam len.

(6) Is tarah Zibah karen ke chaaron ragen (Hulqum jis se saans aati jaati hai, Muri jis se khaana wa paani utarta hai aur Wadajain in kea gal bagal do ragen jin me khoon ki rawaani hoti hai) kat jaayen ya kam se kam teen ragen kat jaayen. Is se zyada na kaate ke chhuri gardan ke mohra tak pahunch jaaye.

(7) Phir jab tak Jaanwar thanda na ho jaaye ya’ni jab tak us ki rooh bilkul nikal na jaaye us ke Paav wagairah na kaate na khaal utaaren.

(8) Agar dusre se zibah karayen to behtar hai ke khud bhi haazir rahe.

(9) Kaafir ya Bad-mazhab ka Zibah kiya hua Halaal nahi hai.

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Qurbani ke Gosht ke masa’il :
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(1) Qurbaani ke gosht ke 3 hisse karen :
1 hissa Ghareebo aur mohtaajo ke liye,
1 hissa Rishtedaaro aur azeezo ke liye,
Aur 1 hissa Apne aur ghar walo ke liye.

(2) Agar ghar waale zyada ho to kul gosht ghar ke sarf me la sakta hai.
Aur agar kul Sadqa karna chaahe to bhi kar sakta hai agarche 1 hissa apne liye behtar hai.

(3) Agar Qurbaani ka jaanwar Mushtarik hai to Gosht tolkar taqseem kiya jaaye. Atkal (andaaze) se na baante ke Agar kisi ko zyada pahunch gaya to dusre ke muaf karne se bhi jaa’iz na hoga ke haq shara’an hai.
Phir apne hisse ke gosht ke 3 hisse karen.

(4) Agar mayyat ki taraf se (nafl) qurbaani ki to is ke gosht ka bhi isi tarh 3 hisse karne ka hukm hai.

Albatta agar mayyat ne kaha tha ki meri taraf se qurbaani kar de na to is surat me kul gosht Sadqa kar den.
Qurbaani agar mayyat ki hai to us ka gosht na khud kha sakta hai na ghani ko khila sakta hai, Balke us ko Sadqa karna waajib hai ya’ni ghareebo ko de den.

(5) Qurbaani karne waala Eid ul Ad’ha ke din sab se pehle Qurbaani ka gosht khaaye ye Mustahab hai.

(6) Halaal jaanwar ke bhi chand aaza khaana mamnoo hai :
[1] Murara (Pitta) [2] Masaana (Phunkna) [3] Ojhdi [4] Am’aa (Aante) [5] Dubar (Pakhaana khaarij hone ka maqaam) [6] Unsayain (Kapura) [7] Zakar (Nar jaanwar ki peshaab-gaah) [8] Furj (Maada jaanwar ki peshaab-gaah) [9] Putthe (Gardan me dono taraf kandho tak pile rang ka hissa) [10] Gudood (Gosht me jo jame hue Khoon ki Gaanthe hoti hain).

Nutfaa (Manee), Woh nutfaa jo khoon ho gaya, ya gosht ka lothda ho gaya, ya pura jaanwar ban gaya aur murda nikla ya zibah kiye baghair mar gaya wo bhi haraam hai.

Dame Masfuh (Zibah karte waqt jo khoon nikalta hai) haraam hai.
Zibah k baad jo khoon gosht me reh jaata hai -jaise gardan ke kate hue hisse par, Dil ke Andar, Kaleji aur Tilli me aur gosht ke andar ki chhoti chhoti ragon me,Ye sab naapaak to nahi magar is Khoon ka bhi khaanaa mamnu hai.
Is liye pakaane se pehle khoob achchi tarah safaai kar len.

Pakne ke baad wo ragen kaali dori ki tarah ho jaati hain – Khaas kar Bheje, Sirri, Paaye aur Murghi ki Raan aur Par ke gosht me, baarik kaali Doriyan dekhi jaati hai, khaate waqt in ko nikaal den.

(7) Qurbaani ke gosht ya chamda kassaab ya zibah karne wale ko mazdoori me nahi de sakte. Haan, hadiyatan hissa diya tode sakte hain jab ke ujrat me shumaar na karen.

(8) Qurbaani ki khaal Deeni madrase me dena jaa’iz hai. Aur use bechkar us ki qeemat bhi madrase me de sakta hai.

(9) Baaz jagah qurbaani ka chamda Masjid ke Imaam ko dete hain, Agar tankhwaah me na diya jaaye balke bataure madad ke den to harj nahi.

(10) Kaafir (Ghair-muslim) ko Qurbaani ka gosht dena mana hai. Is ka khayaal rakhen.
Agar un ko dena ho to dusra gosht kharidkar alag rakhen aur us me se den.

(11) Chmda, jhola, rassi sab sadqa kar den.
Chamde ko khud apne kaam me bhi la sakta hai.
Maslan bichhauna, jaanamaaz, dol, wagairah bana sakta hai. Lekin bechkar us ki qeemat apne kaam me kharch karna jaa’iz nahi.
Agar bech diya to us raqam sadqa kar dena Waajib hai.

(12) Ghareebo aur haajat-mando ko un ka hisse ka Qurbaani ka gosht pahunchane me jaldi karen taake wo us gosht ko khaakar Eid ul Ad’ha ki khushi mana saken. Rishtedaaro aur azeezo ko bataur e hadiya gosht diya jaata hai. Is liye jin ke yaha qurbaani hoti hai un ko gosht der se mile to un ko koi farq nahi padega. Magar Ghareebo ko gosht jaldi pahunchakar un ki duaen haasil karen. Jaanbuzkar der karna sahi nahi hai.

(12) Qurbaani ke baad jo jaanwar ke jin aaza ko khaana haraam ya makrooh hai unhe dafn kar diya jaaye, raaste par ya kude me daalna sahi nahi hai.
Aur jaanwar ka gosht ya haddi wagairah bhi raaste par ya kude me na daalkar be-hurmati na karen.
Isi tarah jaanwar ka pakhaana ya dusri napaaki raaste par daalkar gandagi karke dusro ko takleef dena buri baat hai aur gunaah hai. Is se bachen.

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Kassaab ko jaanwar zibah karne ki ujrat jaldi de den. Jaanbujh kar Der karna gunaah hai.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur In baato ko yaad rakhkar amal karne ki aur dusro ko bataane ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko Ikhlaas ke saath ALLĀH ta’ala ki raza ke liye Qurbaani karne ki taufiq ata farmae aur Qurbaani qubool farmakar foyuz o barkaat ata farmae.
Aameen.

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For more posts Visit :

FikreUmmat.net Updating… .. .

Hajj Training Camp :

Aashiqane Mustafa se aur Khaas kar Hajj ke Mubarak safar par jaane waale Haaji saahibano se guzarish hai ki
In links ko open karke Videos download karen,
Taaki Hajj ki tayyari karne me aur Hajj ke safar me aasaani ho aur Aap behtar tareeqe se Hajj wa Ziyarat ada kar saken.

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5

Part 6

Part 7

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Sab ko Ka’abatullāh aur Roza e Rasool ki ziyarat ki sa’adat ata farmae.
Aur jo khushnaseeb Mo’min Hajj ke liye jaa rahe hain un ki Hajj, Umrah, Tawaaf aur Ibaadat ko aasaan banaaye aur qubool farmae.
Aur un ki tamaam jaa’iz duaen qubool farmae.
Aameen.

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FikreUmmat.net Updating… .. .

Eid-ul-Fitr ka bayaan :


Hadeeṡe Nabawi :

(1) Hazrate Abu Huraira radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se riwaayat hai ki
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘Ramazaan ki aakhir raat me is ummat ki bakhshish hoti hai.’
Kaha gaya ‘Kya wo Shab e Qadr hai?’
Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ‘Nahi, Kaam karne walo ko us waqt mazdoori puri di jaati hai jab wo kaam pura kar le.’
(Ahmad)

(2) Hazrat Anas radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se riwaayat hai ki
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘Jab Shab e Qadr aati hai to Hazrate Jibr’eel alaihis salaam farishto ki jama’at ke saath aate hain aur har us banda ke liye bakshish ki dua karte hai jo khade hokar ya baithkar ALLĀH ta’ala ke zikr me laga rahta hai.
Phir jab unhe Eid ka din naseeb hota hai to ALLĀH ta’ala apne un bando par apne farishto ke saamne apni khushi zaahir karta hai aur farmaata hai ki ‘Aye mere farishto, Us mazdoor ki mazdoori kya hai jo apna kaam pura kar de?’
Farishte kehte hain ki ‘Aye hamare Parwardigaar! Us ki mazdoori ye hai ki us ko pura badla diya jaaye.’
ALLĀH ta’ala farmaata hai ‘Aye mere farishto! Mere bando aur meri bandiyo ne (mere muqarrar kiye hue) farz ko ada kar diya. Ab wo gharo se dua ke liye eidgaah ki taraf nikle hain. Qasam hai apni izzat, apne jalaal, apni shaan, apni badai aur apni rif’at aur apni bakhshish wa rahmat ki, main un ki duao ko qubool karunga.’
Phir ALLĀH ta’ala farmaata hai ‘Aye mere bando! Apne gharo ko laut jaao, maine tumhe bakhsh diya aur tumhari buraiyo ko tumhari nekiyo me badal diya.
To muslaman Eidgaah se is haal me waapas hota hai ki uske gunaah bakhsh diye jaate hai.
(Bayhaqi)

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Maah e Shawwaal ka chaand (Eid-ul-Fitr ka chaand) dekhkar ‘Surah al-Lahab’ padhen.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
تَبَّتْ يَدَا أَبِي لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ
مَا أَغْنَىٰ عَنْهُ مَالُهُ وَمَا كَسَبَ
سَيَصْلَىٰ نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ
وَامْرَأَتُهُ حَمَّالَةَ الْحَطَبِ
فِي جِيدِهَا حَبْلٌ مِنْ مَسَدٍ

Bismillāh ir-Rahmān ir-Raheem.
Tabbat yadă abee lahabinw wa tabb.
Mă agnā anhu maaluhū wan a kasab.
Sayaslā naaran zaata lahab.
Wa-mra atuhū, Hamma latal hatab.
Fee jeedihaa hablum mim masad.

Phir ye masnoon dua padhen :

ﺍﻟﻠَّﻬُﻢَّ ﺃَﻫِﻠَّﻪُ ﻋﻠَﻴْﻨَﺎ ﺑِﺎﻷَﻣْﻦِ ﻭﺍﻹِﻳﻤَﺎﻥِ ﻭَﺍﻟﺴَّﻼﻣَﺔِ ﻭﺍﻹِﺳْﻼﻡِ ، ﺭَﺑّﻲ ﻭﺭَﺑُّﻚَ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪ ، هِلالُ رُشْدٍ وخَيْرٍ
Allāhumma ahillahu alayna bil amni wal eimaani was salaamati wal islaami Rabbi wa Rabbuk-Allāh hilaalu rushdin wa khayrin.

Tarjuma :
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Aye ALLĀH is (mahine) ko hum par amn aur eimaan aur salaamati aur islaam ke saath , Mera Rab aur tera Rab ALLĀH hai ye chaand hidaayat aur khair waala ho.
(Tirmizi, Jild -2, Hadeeṡ -1376 /Hasan)

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Eid ki raat ko ‘Layltul Jaayza’ (in’aam ki raat) kaha jaata hai.
Is raat me mo’min ki duaen baargaah e ilāhi me maqbool hoti hai aur ALLĀH ta’ala bande ke liye jo behtar hai wo use ata farmaata hai.

Is raat ko zyada se zyada ibaadat aur dua me guzaaren.

2 rak’at namaaz Salaat-ush-Shukr padhen ke ALLĀH ta’ala ne Eid ka mubarak khushi ka din ata farmaaya.
Salaat-ul-Tasbeeh bhi padhen ke is ki beshumaar fazeelaten hain.
Salaat-ut-Tahajjud bhi padhen.
Apni jo namaaze chhut gai hain un ki Qaza namaazen padhen taaki bari uz zimma ho jaayen.
Kaṡrat se Durood shareef padhen.

Raat ko ba-wuzu soyen.

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Eid ke din ghusl karna, miswaak karna, achhe kapde pehnna, khushboo lagaana aur musalmano ko ‘Eid Mubarak’ kehna aur khushi ka izhaar karna Sunnat hai.
Jawaab me ‘Eid mubarak’ kehne ke saath ye dua bhi kahen :
تَقَبَّلَ اللّهُ مِنَّ وَ مِنْكُمْ
TaqabbalAllāhu minna wa minkum
(ALLĀH hamare aur tumhare nek amal qabool farmae)

Eid-ul Fitr ke din eidgaah jaane se pehle kuchh mitha khaana sunnat hai.
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam Eid ke din Taaq adad me (1, 3, 5 ya 7) khajoor khaa lete aur us ke baad hi namaaz ke liye tashreef le jaate.

Eid ke din namaaz e fajr mohalle ki masjid me padhen aur Eid-ul-Ad’ha ki namaaz Eidgaah me ada karen.
Namaaz e eid ke liye ek raaste se jaana aur namaaz ke baad dusre raste se waapas aana aur raaste me Takbeer e Tashreeq padhte rehna Sunnat hai.

Aur juloos me aur eidgaah me bin zaroori baaten karne se bachen aur Zikr o Durood padhte rahen.

Mo’min ko chaahiye is mubarak din me zyada se zyada Ibaadat aur Neki kare
Aur Zikr o Durood padhta rahe.
Aur Khairaat kare aur Ghareebo aur haajatmando ki imdaad kare taake wo bhi behtar tareeqe se Eid mana saken.

Aur tamaam musalmano ke liye dua e khair karen, Khaas kar un ke liye jinho ne dua ke liye kaha ho aur jin ke hum par ehsaan hain aur hum se jin ke huqooq ul ibaad me galti (gunaah) ho gaye ho.

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Takbeer e Tashreeq :
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Allāhu akbar Allāhu akbar
Laa ilāha illallāh
Wallāhu akbar Allāhu akbar
Wa lillāhil hamd.

Tarjuma :
ALLĀH sab se bada hai, ALLĀH sab se bada hai, ALLĀH ke siwa koi ibaadat ke laa’ik nahi,
Aur ALLĀH sab se bada hai, ALLĀH sab se bada hai,
Aur ALLĀH hi ke liye tamaam ta’areef hai.

Eidgaah jaate waqt aur waapas aate waqt raaste me ye Takbeer e Tashreeq padhte rahen.

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Agar kisi ki Eid ke din ki Namaaz e Fajr chhut gai ho to pehle wo Namaaz e Fajr padh len aur us ke baad Eid ki namaaz padhen.
Lekin agar Eid ki namaaz ke liye jama’at ho rahi ho to pehle Eid ki namaaz padh len.

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Namaaz e Eid ka Tareeqa :
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Pehle Ba-wuzu Qibla ki taraf munh karke Saf me khade ho jaayen aur Namaaz e Eid ki Niyyat karen :
‘Niyyat ki maine 2 Rak’at namaaz Eid ul Fitr ki, Waajib, 6 Zaa’id Takbeero ke saath, Waaste ALLĀH ta’ala ke, Munh mera ka’aba shareef ki taraf, Pichhe is Imaam ke.’

Niyyat ke baad jab Imaam pehli Takbeer kahen to dono haath kaano tak uthaayen aur ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehkar phir haatho ko baandh len.
Phir Sana (Sub’hānakallāhumm) padhen.

Jab Imaam dusri Takbeer kahen to haatho ko kaano tak uthakar chhod den.
Phir jab Imaam teesri Takbeer kahen to haatho ko kaano tak uthakar ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehkar phir chhod den.
Jab Imaam chhothi Takbeer kahe to haatho ko kaano tak uthayen aur ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehkar phir haatho ko baandh len.

Phir Imaam saahab Surah al-Faatiha aur Qir’at padhen wo khaamoshi ke saath sune aur phir Imaam ke saath Rooku’ aur Sajde karke pehli Rak’at puri karen aur dusri rak’at ke liye khade ho jaayen.

Dusri rak’at me jab Imaam saahab Surah al-Faatiha aur Qir’at padhen wo khaamoshi ke saath sune aur phir Qir’at ke baad Rooku’ me jaane se pehle Imaam saahab Takbeer kahen to pehli Takbeer haatho ko kaano tak uthakar uthakar ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehkar chhod den.
Is ke baad jab Imaam saahab dusri Takbeer kahen to haatho ko kaano tak uthakar uthakar ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehkar phir chhod den.
Jab Imaam saahab teesri Takbeer kahen to haatho ko kaano tak uthakar uthakar ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehkar phir chhod den.
Jab Imaam saahab chothi Takbeer kahen to bagair haatho ko uthaaye sidhe uthakar ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehkar Rooku’ me chale jaayen.

Phir Imaam ke saath Rooku’, Sajde aur Qa’ada karke Salaam pherkar Namaaz mukammal karen.

Namaaz ke baad khaamoshi ke saath Khutba sune.
Khutba sunna Waajib hai.

Khutbe ke baad jab Imaam saahab Dua maange to Dua me saamil ho.

Is ke baad musalmano ko khushi ke saath Eid ul Fitr ki mubarakbaad dena aur milte waqt ye dua padhen :
Taqabbal Allāhu minna wa minkum.
(ALLĀH qubool farmae tumhari aur meri jaanib se).

Aur behtar hai ke eidgaah me jaha namaaz hoti hai us jagah ko chhod den aur waha se aage aakar musaafa aur muaneka karen.

*****************
Eid ki namaaz waajib hai.
Aur us ke liye Jama’at shart hai ya’ni agar kisi ki jama’at chhut jaaye to wo tanha Eid ki namaaz nahi padh sakta.

Agar dusri rak’at me saamil hua to Imaam ke salaam pherne ke baad apni pehli rak’at 3 takbeero ke saath tarteeb se padhkar namaaz mukammal kare
aur dusri rak’at me rooku ke baad saamil hua to salaam pherne ke baad dono rak’at 6 takbeero ke saath tarteeb se padhen.

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Eid ul Fitr ke din ki chand khaas ibaadat :
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♦ Eid ul Fitr ke din Namaaz e Zohar ada karne ke baad 8 rak’at nafl namaaz 2-2 karke padhen. Har rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad Surah al-Ikhlaas 25 baar padhen.
Namaaz k baad 70 baar Sub’hān Allāh, 70 baar Astaghfirullāh aur 70 baar Durood shareef padhen.
Phir apne liye aur tamaam ummat e Mustafa ke liye Dua e khair karen.

♦ Eid ke din 300 martaba ‘Sub’hān Allāhi wa bihamdi’ padhkar tamaam musalmano ko isaal e sawaab karen. In shaa Allāh ALLĀH ta’ala qabr me noor ata farmaega.
(Mukashafat ul Quloob, Safa -650)

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♦ Sadqa e Fitr har Musalman, Aazaad, Maalik e nisaab par (jis ki nisaab haajat e asliya ke ilaawa ho) Waajib hai.
Sadqa e Fitr ke liye Roza rakhna ya Taraweeh padhna shart nahi. Agar kisi ne Roza na rakha ho ya Taraweeh na padhi ho tab bhi Sadqa e Fitr ada karna hoga.
Eid se pehle Sadqa e Fitr ada kar dena Sunnat hai.
Is liye agar Sadqa e Fitr dena baaqi ho to jald se jald ada karo aur ALLĀH ke bando ki madad karke Rab ta’ala ko raazi karo.

Sadqa e Fitr ka bayaan :

Sadqa-e-Fitr ka bayaan :

Aashiqaane Mustafa se guzarish hai ki
Is link ko open karke Post padhen aur Share karen.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur in baato ko yaad rakhkar us par amal karne ki aur dusro ko batane ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Eid-ul Fitr me sahi tareeqe se zyada ibaadat karne ki aur is ke foyuz o barkaat haasil karne ki taufiq ata farmae aur hamare Roza, Namaaz, Zakaat, Sadqa, Tilawaat e Qur’an aur tamaam nek amal qubool farmae aur Sab ko dunya aur aakhirat me bhalai ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aur Islaam ka bolbala ata farmae.
Aameen.

****************
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Sadqa-e-Fitr ka bayaan :

Qur’an :
2 Surah al-Baqarah, Aayat 254 :

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْفِقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ

Aye Eimaan walo, jo kuchh hum ne tumhe ata kiya hai us me se (ALLĀH ki raah me nek kaam me) kharch karo, is se pehle ke wo din aa jaaye jis me na koi khareed wa farokht hoga aur (munkiro ke liye) na koi dost hoga na sifaarish, aur ye kaafir hi zaalim hain.

Hadeeṡe Nabawi :

(1) Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ki :
‘Bande ka Roza aasmaan wa zameen me rooka rehta hai jab tak wo Sadqa e Fitr ada na kare.’
(Ibne Asaakir)

(2) Hazrate Ibne Umar radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se riwaayat hai ki :
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘Sadqa e Fitr Aazaad Mard, Aurat, Bache aur Budhe har musalman par waajib hai ek saa’a Jav ya Khajoor.’ Aur hukm farmaaya ki ‘Namaaz e Eid ke liye nikalne se pehle us ko ada kiya jaaye.’
(Bukhari;
Muslim)

(3) Hazrate Asma bint Abu Bakr Siddeeq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha se riwaayat hai ki :
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘Maal ko thaili me band karke na rakhna warna ALLĀH ta’ala bhi us ke khazaane me tumhare liye bandish laga dega. Jaha tak ho sake logo me khairaat taqseem kiya karo.’
(Sahih Bukhari, Jild -2, Hadees -1434)

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Sadqa e Fitr ke baare me chand khaas baaten :
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(1) Sadqa e Fitr har Musalman Aazaad Maalik e nisaab par (jis ki nisaab haajat e asliya ke ilaawa ho) Waajib hai.
Is me Aaqil, Baaligh aur Maal e naami hona ya’ni maal par saal guzarna shart nahi.

(2) Mard Maalik e nisaab par apni taraf se aur apne chhote bacho ki taraf se Sadqa e Fitr waajib hai, jab ke bacha khud Maalik e nisaab na ho.
Agar bacha Maalik e nisaab ho to us ka Sadqa e Fitr usi ke maal se diya jaaye.
Aur majnoon aulaad agarche baaligh ho us ka Sadqa e Fitr us ke baap par waajib hai jab ke Ghani na ho aur ghani ho to khud us ke maal se diya jaaye.
Aurat ya Baaligh Aulaad ka Sadqa e Fitr unke baghair izn (ijaazat) ada kar diya to ada ho gaya Ba-sharte ke Aulaad us ki Ayaal me ho ya’ni us ka Nafqa us ke zimme ho warna Aulaad ki taraf se bila ijaazat ada na hoga aur Aurat ne agar Shohar ka Sadqa e Fitr baghair hukm diya to ada na huwa.

(3) Agar baap na ho to baap ki jagah Daada par apne Yateem Faqeer Pote -poti ki taraf se us ka Sadqa e Fitr dena Waajib hai.
Maa par apne chhote Bachcho ki taraf se Sadqa e Fitr dena waajib nahi.

(4) Sadqa e Fitr Shakhs par waajib hai Maal par nahi. Lihaaza mar gaya to us ke maal se Ada nahi kiya jaayega. Haan, agar waariseen bataur ehsaan apni taraf se ada karen to ho sakta hai, un par koi jabr nahi aur agar wasiyat kar gaya hai to tihaai maal se zuroor ada kiya jaayega agarche waarasa ijaazat na den.

(5) Eid ke din Subah saadiq shuru hote hi Sadqa e Fitr waajib ho jaata hai.

Lihaaza Subah saadiq se pehle mar gaya ya faqeer ho gaya to us par Sadqa e Fitr waajib na hua.
Aur Subah saadiq shuru hone ke baad mara us par Sadqa e Fitr waajib hai.

Subah saadiq shuru hone ke baad jo Bacha paida hua ya jo Kaafir musalman hua ya jo Faqeer tha wo ghani hua us par Sadqa e Fitr waajib na hua.
Aur Subah saadiq shuru hone se pehle Bacha paida hua ya Kaafir musalman hua ya jo Faqeer tha wo ghani hua us par Sadqa e Fitr waajib hai.

(6) Sadqa e Fitr waajib hone ke liye Roza rakhna Shart nahi.
Agar kisi sharai Uzr ya’ni Safar, Marz (Beemaari), Budhaapa, Hamal aur bache ko doodh pilaana ki wajah se ya Ma’az ALLĀH Bila uzr Roza na rakha jab bhi Sadqa e Fitr waajib hai .

(7) Eid se pehle Sadqa e Fitr ada kar dena Sunnat hai.
Magar us ka waqt Umr bhar hai. Agar ada na kiya ho to zindagi me jab bhi ada karega ada ho jaaega. Us ki qaza nahi.
Aur ada na karne se Saakit na hoga. Baad me bhi ada karna hoga.

(8) Sadqa e Fitr ki Miqdaar :
Gehu ya us ka aata ya sattu – Nisf (aadha) saa’a (Ya’ani 2 kg 45 g),
Khajoor ya Munaqqa ya Jav ya us ka aata ya sattu – 1 Saa’a.
Gehu aur Jav mile hue ho aur Gehu ziyada hai to – Nisf Saa’a warna – 1 Saa’a.

Gehu aur Jav ke dene ke bajaay un ka Aata dena afzal hai ur is se afzal ye hai ke Qeemat de de, chaahe Gehu ki qeemat de ya Jav ki ya Khajoor ki.
Magar giraani (mehngaai) me in cheezo ko hi dena qeemat dene se afzal hai.
Aur agar kharaab Gehu ya Jav ki qeemat di to achhe ki qeemat se jo kami pade wo puri kare .

NOTE :
Saa’a ka wazan 351 Rupye bhar hai aur Nisf Saa’a ka wazan 175 Rupye Athanni bhar upar hai, Ya’ani Aaj ke wazan se Nisf Saa’a 2 kg 45 ya 50 g hai.

(9) Sadqa e Fitr ke Masaarif 6 hain :
[1] Faqeer – Ya’ni wo aadami jis ke paas kuchh maal ho magar itna na ho ke nisaab ko pahunch jaaye ya nisaab ke barabar ho to us ki haajate asliya me mustagarik ho.
[2] Miskeen – Ya’ni Jis ke paas kuchh na ho yaha tak ke khaane aur badan chhupane ke liye bhi uska mohtaaj hai ke logo se sawal kare.
[3] Ghaarim – Madyoon ya’ni jis par itna Dain (qarz) ho ke use nikaalne ke baad nisaab baaqi na rahe.
[4] Raqaab – Ya’ni Makaatib Ghulaam jo us maal se badle kitaabat dekar apni garden chhudakar aazad ho sake.
[5] Ibn-us-Sabeel – Ya’ni wo Musaafir jis ke paas safar ke dauraan maal na raha agarche ghar par maal maujood ho. Magar itna hi le jis se zaroorat puri ho jaaye, ziyada nahi.
[6] Fee sabeelillāh – Raah e khuda me kharch karna Ya’ni Taalib e ilm ko Ilm e deen sikhne ke liye ya Jihaad me jaane wale ko agar us ke paas saamaan na ho to.

Sadqa e Fitr ke Masaarif wahi hain jo Zakaat ke hain (siwa e Aamil ke, ki us ke liye Zakaat hai Fitra nahi).
Ya’ni jin ko Zakaat de sakte hain unhe Fitra bhi de sakte hain aur jinhe Zakaat nahi de sakte unhe Fitra bhi nahi de sakte.

(10) Ek Shakhs ka Sadqa e Fitr ek Miskeen ko dena behtar hai aur Chand masaakeen ko de diya jab bhi jaa’iz hai.
Yunhi ek Miskeen ko chand logon ka Sadqa e Fitr dena bhi jaa’iz hai, agarche sab Fitre mile hue ho.

(11) Kaafir ya Bad-mazhab ko Sadqa e Fitr nahi de sakte.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur in baato ko yaad rakhkar us par amal karne ki aur dusro ko bataane ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Maah e Ramazaan ki ta’azeem karne ki aur is me sahi tareeqe se zyada ibaadat karne ki aur is ke foyuz o barkaat haasil karne ki taufiq ata farmae aur gunaaho se bachne ki taufiq ata farmae aur hamare Roza, Namaaz, Zakaat, Sadqa e Fitr, Tilaawat e Qur’an aur tamaam nek amal qubool farmae aur Sab ko dunya aur aakhirat me bhalai ata farmae.
Aameen.

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Shab e Qadr ka bayaan :

Shab e Qadr ki Fazeelat :
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Qur’an :
97 Surah al-Qadr :

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيم
إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ
وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ
لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ
تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ
سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

Beshak hum ne is (Qur’an) ko Shab e Qadr me utaara [naazil farmaaya] hai.
Aur kya Aap jaante hain ki Shab e Qadr kya hai?
Shab e Qadr (fazeelat wa azmat me) hazaar mahino se behtar hai.
Is me farishten aur Roohul ameen [Hazrate Jibreel alaihis salaam] naazeel hote hain apne Rab ke hukm se har kaam me khair wa barkat lekar.
Ye subah roshan [tulu’] hone tak salaamti (ki raat) hai.

Hadeeṡe Nabawi :

(1) Hazrat Anas ibn Maalik radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se riwaayat hai ki :
Jab Ramazaan ka mahina shuru hua to Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘Ye mahina tum me aaya hai aur is me ek raat aisi hai jo hazaar mahino se achhi hai to jo shakhs is ki barkato se mahroom raha wo tamaam bhalaiyo se mahroom raha aur nahi mahroom rakha jaata kisi ko is ki bhalayio se magar sirf wo jo bilkul be-naseeb ho.’
(Ibn e Maajah)

(2) Hazrat Anas ibn Maalik radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se riwaayat hai ki :
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
‘Shab e Qadr me Hazrate Jibreel alaihis salaam farishto ki (bahot badi) jama’at ke saath zameen par utarte hain. Wo sab har us shakhs ke liye Dua e Maghfirat karte hain jo khade baithe (kisi bhi haal me) ALLĀH ka zikr kar raha ho.’
(Bayhaqi, Sho’ab ul eimaan, 3 : 343, Hadeeṡ -3717)

(3) Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ki
‘Shab e Qadr ko Ramazaan ke Aakhri Ashre ki Taaq [21, 23, 25, 27, 29wi] raaton me talaash karo.’
(Tirmizi)

(4) Hazrate Aa’isha Sideeqa radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha se riwaayat hai ki :
Maine Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam se puchha ‘Ya Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam, Agar mujhe maaloom ho jaaye ke Shab e Qadr kaun si raat hai to main kya karu?’
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ‘Yeh Dua (kaṡrat se) padho : Allāhumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afa’w fa’afu annee.’

(5) Jis ne Shab e Qadr me eimaan aur ikhlaas ke saath Qayaam kiya to us ke umr bhar ke guzishta gunaah muaf farma diye jaayenge.

(Bukhari, Jild -1, Safa -660, Hadeeṡ -2014)

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Shabe Qadr ki Ibaadat :
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Maah e Ramazaan ki 27wi raat ke nawaafil :
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(1) 2 Rak’at nafl namaaz Tahyatul wuzu padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah Faatiha ke baad 1baar Aayat ul Kursi aur 3 baar Surah Ikhlaas padhen.

In shaa Allāh har katra paani ke badle 700 rak’at nafl namaaz ka ṡawaab milega.

(2) 4 Rak’at namaaz padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah Faatiha ke baad Surah Qadr 1 martaba, Surah Ikhlaas 17 martaba padhen.
Salaam baad 70 baar Istigfaar padhen.
Phir ye Dua padhen :
Allāhumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afa’w fa’afu annee.

In shaa Allāh ALLĀH ta’ala tamaam pichhle gunaah muaf farmaega aur Jannat me daakhil farmaega.

(3) 4 Rak’at namaaz 1 salaam se padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah Faatiha ke baad Surah Qadr 3 martaba, Surah Ikhlaas 17 martaba padhen.
Salaam baad ye dua padhen :
Ash’hadu al-laa ilāha illallāhu astagfirullāh,
Allāhumma innee as’alukal jannah allāhumma ajirnee minan naar.

In shaa Allāh ALLĀH ta’ala Maut ke waqt aasaani ata farmaega aur Qabr ke azaab se mehfooz rakhega aur Jannat me daakhil farmaega.

(4) 4 rak’at namaaz ek salaam se padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah al-Faatiha ke baad Surah Qadr 3 martaba aur Surah al-Ikhlaas 50 martaba padhen.
Salaam baad sajde me jaakar 1 martaba ‘Sub’hānallāhi wal-hamdulillāhi wa laa ilāha illallāhu wallāhu akbar’ padhen.

Phir 3 marataba ye Dua padhen.
Allāhumma innee as’alukal afa’w wal aafiyat wal muaafat fid deeni wad dunya wal aakhirah.

In shaa Allāh ALLĀH ta’ala tamaam nek jaa’iz murado ko puri farmaega aur duaen qubool farmaega.

(5) 2 Rak’at namaaz padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah Faatiha ke baad Surah Qadr 7 martaba aur Surah Ikhlaas 7 martaba padhen.
Salaam baad Durood shareef aur Astaghfaar padhen.

In shaa Allāh ALLĀH ta’ala is namaaz padhne wale ki aur us ke waalidain ki bakhshish farmaega.

Allāhumma innee as’alukal jannah allāhumma ajirnee minan naar.

(6) 2 raka’t namaaz padhen.
Har rakat me Surah Faatiha ke baad Surah Alam Nasrah 1 martaba aur Surah Ikhlaas 3 martaba padhen.
Salaam ke baad 27 martaba Surah Qadr aur 100 martaba Durood shareef padhen.

In shaa Allāh ALLĀH ta’ala beshumaar sawaab ata farmaega.

(7) Subah saadiq se pehle 4 rak’at namaaz ek salaam se padhen.
Har rak’at me Surah Faatiha ke baad Surah Qadr 3 martaba aur Surah Ikhlaas 5 martaba padhen.
Salaam baad sajde me jaakar 41 martaba ‘Sub’hān Allāh’ padhen.

In shaa Allāh ALLĀH ta’ala tamaam nek jaa’iz murado ko puri farmaega aur duaen qubool farmaega.

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Duaen aur Azkaar :
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(1) اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي
Allāhumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afa’w faa’afu annee.

Tarjuma :
Aye ALLĀH tu muaf farmaane waala hai muaf karna tujhe pasand hai tu mujhe muaf farma.

(2) Allāhumma innee as’alukal afa’w wal aafiyat wal muaafat fid deeni wad dunya wal aakhirah.

(3) اللّهُمَّ إِنِّي أسألُكَ الجَنَّة، اللّهُمَّ أجِرني مِنْ النَّار.
Ash’hadu allaa ilāha illallāhu astaghfirullāh,
Allāhumma innee as’alukal jannah allāhumma ajirnee minan naar.

(4) Allāhumma ajirna minan naari ya mujeeru, ya mujeeroo ya mujeeroo ya mujeer.

(5) Astaghfirullāhallazi laa ilāha illa huwal hayyul qayyoom wa atoobu ilaihi.

(6) Sub’hān Allāhi wa bihamdi Sub’hān Allāhil azeem.

(7) Surah al-Mulk 7 martaba padhen.

(8) Surah al-Qadr kaṡrat se padhen.

*******************
▪▪► Kisi wajah se tamaam namaaz na padh saken to jitni padh sakte hain utni padhen aur phir Tilaawat e Qur’an, Kalma, Zikr ya Durood shareef padhte rahen.

▪▪► Aur apne liye aur tamaam ummat e Mustafa ke liye Dua e khair aur apne aaba wa ajdaad aur tamaam marhoomeen ke liye Due e maghfirat karen.

▪▪► Jin ki namaazen Qaza ho gai hain wo pehle jitni mumkin ho utni Qaza namaaz padhen taake bariuz zimma ho jaayen.
Aur tauba karke ye pakka ahad karen ke aa’inda sab namaaz waqt par ada karne ki koshish karenge aur namaaz ke foyuz o barkaat haasil karte rahenge.
Nafl namaaz ka pura ṡawaab usi ko milta hai jo Farz namaaz waqt par ada karta hai aur pehle un namaazo ki qaza padh leta hai jo chhut gai hai.

*******************
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Ahle bait waseele se aur Auliya Allāh aur Shohada ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki aur gunaaho se bachne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur is Mubarak raat me ikhlaas ke saath ALLĀH ta’ala ki raza ke liye sahi tareeqe se Ibaadat karne ki taufiq ata farmae aur hamari ibaadat ko qubool farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Tamaam kaarobaar me khair o barkat ata farmae aur Har pareshaani aur Ranj o gham se najaat ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aur Islaam ka bolbala ata farmae.
Aameen.

****************
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Namaaz ka Naqsa :

Namaaz ki fazeelat :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Qur’an :
20 Surah Tā-Hā, Aayat 14 :
Beshak main hi ALLĀH hu mere siwa koi ma’abood nahi so tum meri ibaadat kiya karo, Aur meri yaad ki khaatir namaaz qaaim kiya karo.

4 Surah an-Nisa, Aayat -103 :
Beshak namaaz mo’mino par muqarrar waqt ke hisaab se farz hai.

29 Surah al-Ankabut, Aayat 54 :

إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ ۗ وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَ

Namaaz behayaai aur buraa’iyo se rokti hai, Aur waaqa’i ALLĀH ka zikr sab se bada hai.

Hadeeṡe Nabawi :

Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya hai ki
‘Waqt par ada ki hui namaaz ALLĀH ko tamaam aamal me zyada mehboob [pasandeeda] hai.’

(Bukhar, 527;
Sho’abul Eimaan, Jild -3, Safa -39)

Hadeeṡ e Nabawi :

Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya hai ki
‘Tum namaaz padho kyun ki namaaz me shifa hai.’

(Ibne Maajah, Hadeeṡ -3458)

*********
Namaaz har musalman mard aur aurat par farz hai.
Namaaz deen ka sutoon hai.
Namaaz ke beshumar fazaa’il aur barkaat hain.

*********
Is liye mo’min ke liye zaroori hai ke
Namaaz ke Shara’it, Fara’iz, Waajibaat aur Sunnate jan le
Aur agar namaaz me koi galti ho to kya karna hai ye bhi jaan le
taake namaaz sahi tareeqe se ada kar sake
aur is ke barkaat haasil kar sake.

****************
♦ Namaaz ki ta’areef :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Ba-wuzu Satre awrat ke saath Paak jagah par Qibla roo hokar Niyyat karke Takbeer e tehreema aur Rafa’a yadain ke baad tarteeb se Qayaam, Ṡana, Tilaawat e Surah al-Faatiha aur Qir’at, Rooku, Qauma, Sujood, Jalsa, Qa’ada aur Tashah’hud, Durood e Ibrāheemi aur Dua e Maashura ke baad Salaam ada karna.

Namaaz ka Naqsa :

♦ Sharaa’it e Namaaz :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Namaaz ke liye 6 shara’it hain :
In ke baghair namaaz hogi hi nahi ya’ni phir se dohraani padegi.

(1) Tahaarat (2) Satr e awrat (3) Waqt (4) Istiqbaal e qibla (5) Niyyat (6) Takbeer e tehreema

(1) Tahaarat – Ya’ni Namaazi ka badan, kapde aur namaaz ki jagah har qism najaasat se paak ho aur namaazi be-ghusl aur be-wuzu na ho.

(2) Satr e aurat – Ya’ni badan ke jis hisse ko chhupaana zaroori hai wo dhanka hua ho.

Pura badan dhanka ho ye behtar hai.
Mard ka badan kam se kam naaf se lekar ghutno ke neeche tak dhanka hona chahiye.
Ghutne khule na rahe aur naaf se lekar pedu aur us se mili jo jagah hai aur is ki sidh me dono karvato ke saath peeth ka utna hissa bhi khula na rahe.
Aur aurat ka tamaam badan dhanka hona siwa e munh aur hatheliya aur paanv ke talwo ke.
Sar ke latkate hue baal, dono kaan, gardan, kalaiya aur takhne bhi dhankana zaroori hai.

(3) Waqt – Ya’ni Namaaz ke liye jo waqt muqarrar hai wo namaaz usi waqt me padhi jaaye aur Makrooh waqt me koi namaaz na padhi jaaye.
Agar waqt guzrne ke baad namaaz padhi to wo Qaza hogi.
Aur waqt shuru hone se pehle namaaz padhi to wo namaaz phir se ada karni hogi.

(4) Istiqbaal e qibla – Ya’ni Ka’aba shareef ki taraf munh karna.

(5) Niyyat – Ya’ni jis waqt ki jo namaaz (Farz, waajib, sunnat ya nafl ya Qaza) padhna ho dil me us ka pakka iraada karna ke ‘Ye namaaz padh raha hu’.

In pehli 5 sharto ka takbeere tehreema se pehle aur khatme namaaz tak maujood rehna zaroori hai warna namaaz na hogi.

(6) Takbeer e tehreema – Ya’ni Niyyat ke baad ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehna.

♦ Is ke saath hi namaaz shuru ho jaayegi, Ab agar namaazi koi kaam khilaafe namaaz kiya ya kisi se kuchh baat ki ya kuchh bola ya kuchh khaya ya piya to namaaz tut jaayegi.

*********
♦ Fara’iz e Namaaz :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Namaaz me 7 cheeze farz hain,

Jin me se kisi 1 ke bhi chhutne par namaaz na hogi aur fir se sahi tarah padhna hoga.

(1) Rafa’a yadain (Takbeer e tehreema) –Dono haath uthaakar Kaano tak pehli takbeer (Allāhu akbar) kehte hue namaaz shuru karna.

(2) Qayaam – Itni der khada rehna jitni der me farz Qir’at ada ho.

(3) Qir’at – Tilaawat e Qur’an (Kam se kam 3 chhoti aayaten ya 1 badi aayat padhna).

(4) Rooku – Itna jhukna ke haath badhaaye to ghutno tak pahunch jaaye.

(5) Sujood – Peshaani aur naak ko zameen par is tarah jamaana ke saath me kam se kam dono paanv ki 1-1 ungli ka pait aur dono haath aur dono ghutne zameen se lage ho.

(6) Qa’ada e aakhirah – Namaaz ki rak’ate puri karne ke bad itni der baithna ke puri ‘Attahiyyat’ padhi jaa sake.

(7) Khurooje bi-sun’ihi – Qa’ada e aakhirah ke baad apne iraade wa amal se ya’ni Salaam ke saath namaaz khatm karna.

*********
♦ Waajibat e Namaaz :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Takbeer e tehreema me lafz ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehna.

Puri Surah al-Faatiha (Alhamdu shareef) padhna.
Har rak’at me Qir’at se pehle ek hi martaba Alhamdu shareef padhna.

Surah al-Faatiha ke baad Surah ya Aayat milana.
(Farz ki sirf 2 rak’at me aur Witr, Sunnat aur Nafl ki har rak’at me).

Farz namaaz me teesri aur chothi rak’at me sirf Surah al-Faatiha tak hi padhna, Qir’at na padhna.

Alhamdu aur Surah ke darmiyaan Aameen aur Bismillāh ke siwa kuchh aur na padhna.

Witr me Qir’at ke bad Takbeer e Qunoot aur Dua e Qunoot padhna.

Qir’at khatm karke foran Rooku’ karna.

Rooku’ ka har rak’at me ek hi baar hona.

Qauma yani rooku’ ke baad sidha khada hona.

Sajde me har paanv ki 3-3 ungliyo ka pait zameen par lagna.

Jalsa ya’ni 2 sajdo ke darmiyaan sidha baithna.

Ek sajde ke baad dusra sajda hona ke dono sajdo ke bich koi rookn na aane paaye.

Sujood ka har rak’at me 2 hi baar hona.

Ta’adeel e arkaan ya’ni Rooku’, Qauma, Sujood, Jalsa me kam se kam 1 bar sub’hān Allāh ke baraabar theharna.

2 farz ya 2 waajib ya waajib wa farz ke darmiyaan 3 baar Sub’hān Allāh kehne ke baraabar der na karna.

Qa’ada e ula (Agarche nafl ho).

Har Qa’ade me pura Tash’hhud padhna.

Farz, witr aur sunan rawaatib me Qa’ada e ula me tash’hhud se aage na badhana.

Dusri rak’at se pehle Qa’ada na karna. 4 rak’at me teesri rak’at me qa’ada na hona.

Dono salaam me lafz ‘Assalaam’ ka hona, (saath me ‘Alaykum’ kehna sunnat e mo’aqqida hai).

Aayat e sajdah padhi ho to Sajda e tilaawat karna.

Sahu hua to Sajda e sahu karna.

Har farz o Waajib ka us ki jagah par ada hona ya’ni jo pehle ho wo pehle aur jo pichhe ho wo pichhe hona.

Eidain ki namaaz me 6 takbeeren (Dono rak’at me 3-3 takbeeren).

Eidain me dusri rak’at me takbeere rooku ke liye ‘Allahu akbar’ kehna.

Agar Jama’at se namaaz padhta ho to :

Imaam ka har johari namaaz me buland aawaaz se aur gair-johri namaaz me aahista qir’at karna.

Imaam jab Qir’at kare chaahe buland aawaaz se ya aahista muqtadi ka khaamosh rehna.

Siwa e Qir’at ke tamaam faraa’iz o waajibat me (Takbeer e tehreema se lekar Salaam tak) Imaam ki pairwi karna.

************
Namaaz ki Sunnate :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Namaaz me taqreeban 51 baate Sunnat hain.
Un me se kuchh is tarah hain :

Ṡana, Ta’awwuz, aur Tasmiyah aahista se padhna.

Alhamdu shareef padhne ke baad aahista se ‘Aameen’ kehna.

Ta’adil e Arkaan me Takbeeraat e inteqaal (Allāhu akbar) kehna.
Aur Rooku se khade hote waqt ‘Sami’Allāhu liman hamidah’ aur ‘Rabbana laqal hamd’ kehna.

Rooku me Tasbeeh ‘Sub’hān rabbiyal azeem’ aur Sujood me Tasbeeh ‘Sub’hān rabbiyal a’ala’ padhna.

Qa’ada e aakhirah me Durood e Ibrāheemi aur phir Dua e Maasurah padhna.

************
♦ Sajda e Sahaw :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Jo cheeze namaaz me waajib hai un me se agar koi waajib bhule se chhut jaaye to us ki kami ko pura karne ke liye Sajda e sahaw waajib hai.

›› Tareeqa :
Namaaz ke aakhir me Qa’ada e aakhira me Attahiyyat padhne ke baad daahini taraf salaam fer kar 2 sajde kare aur phir Qa’ada me shuru se Attahiyyat wagairah sab padhkar salaam pher de.

›› Masaa’il :

(1) Agar koi waajib bhule se chhut gaya aur us ke liye sajda e sahaw na kiya aur namaaz khatm kar di to phir alag se sajda e sahaw kaafi nahi, balke namaaz dohraana waajib hai.

(2) Agar qasdan koi waajib chhod diya to sajda e sahaw kaafi nahi, balke namaaz dohraana waajib hai.

(3) Ek namaaz me kai waajib chhut gaye to ek hi baar 2 sajda e sahaw kaafi hai, alag alag zyada sajda e sahaw karne ki zarooarat nahi.

(4) Jo baate namaaz me farz hai agar un me se koi baat chhut gai to namaaz na hogi aur sajda e sahaw se bhi ye kami puri ki ja sakti, balke phir se padhna farz hai.

(5) Jo baate sunnat ya mustahab hai in ke chhutne se bhi sajda e sahaw zaroori nahi balke namaaz ho gai, lekin inko qasdan chhodna nahi chaahiye.

(6) Agar namaaz me Qir’at me dusri ya baad wali rak’at me Surah ya Aayat pehli rak’at ki Surah ya Aayat ke baad wali padhne ke bajaay bhulkar aage wali padh li to bhi namaaz ho jaayegi. Albatta jaanbuzkar Surah ya Aayat aage pichhe padhna mana hai.

(7) Agar bhulkar Rooku me Sajde ki tasbeeh padh li ya Sajde me Rooku ki tasbeeh padh li to bhi namaaz ho jaayegi.

(8) Sajde me paanv ke angoothe ka pait (ya’ni jo hissa chalte waqt zameen par lagta hai) zameen se lagna Farz hai aur us ke bagal waali 2 ugliyo ke pait lagna Waajib hai. Lihaaza sajde me dono paanv zameen se uthe rahe ya angootha aur ungliyo ki sirf nok zameen se lagi to Sajda na hoga aur namaaz dohraani hogi.

(9) Namaaz me koi galti ki wajah se sajda e sahaw waajib hua ho, aur bhul jaaye aur Qa’ada e aakhira me Attahiyyat , Durood e Ibrāheemi, Dua e Mashura padhkar salaam pher diya to agar foran sajda e sahaw kare aur phir Qa’ada me Attahiyyat wagairah sab padhkar salaam pher de to namaaz ho jaayegi.

****************
Namaaz ka bayaan :

Namaaz ka bayaan :

Aashiqane Mustafa se guzarish hai ki
In links ko open karke Posts padhen aur Share karen.

**********************
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur sab ko ikhlaas ke saath sahi tareeqe se ba-jama’at namaazen ada karne ki taufiq ata farmae aur Hamari ibaadat ko qubool farmae aur us ke foyuz o barkaat ata farmae.
Aameen.

****************
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Namaaz ka bayaan :

Namaaz ki fazeelat :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Qur’an :
20 Surah Tā-Hā, Aayat 14 :

إِنَّنِي أَنَا اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدْنِي وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي

Beshak main hi ALLĀH hu mere siwa koi ma’abood nahi so tum meri ibaadat kiya karo, Aur meri yaad ki khaatir namaaz qaa’im kiya karo.

4 Surah an-Nisa’, Aayat -103 :

إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَوْقُوتًا

Beshak namaaz mo’mino par muqarrar waqt ke hisaab se farz hai.

29 Surah al-Ankabut, Aayat 54 :

إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ ۗ وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَ

Namaaz behayaai aur buraa’iyo se rokti hai, Aur waaqai ALLĀH ka zikr sab se bada hai.

Hadeeṡe Nabawi :

Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya hai ki
‘Waqt par ada ki hui namaaz ALLĀH ko tamaam aamal me zyada mehboob [pasandeeda] hai.’

(Bukhari, 527;
Sho’abul Eimaan, Jild -3, Safa -39)

Hadeeṡe Nabawi :

Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya hai ki
‘Tum namaaz padho kyun ki namaaz me shifa hai.’

(Ibne Maajah, Hadeeṡ -3458)

*********
Namaaz har musalman mard aur aurat par farz hai.
Namaaz deen ka sutoon hai.
Namaaz ke beshumaar fazaa’il aur barkaat hain.

****************
♦ Namaaz ki ta’areef :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Ba-wuzu Satre awrat ke saath Paak jagah par Qibla roo hokar Niyyat karke Takbeere tehreema aur Rafa’a yadain ke baad tarteeb se Qayaam, Sana, Tilaawat e Surah al-Faatiha aur Qir’at, Rooku, Qauma, Sujood, Jalsa, Qa’ada aur Tashah’hud, Durood e Ibrāheemi aur Dua e Maashura ke baad Salaam ada karna.

****************
Namaaz ki qismen :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(1) Farz :
Farz Moayyan –
Fajr ki 2 rak’at, Zohar ki 4 rak’at, Asr ki 4 rak’at, Maghrib ki 3 rak’at, Ishaa ki 4 rak’at, Jum’aa ki 2 rak’at.
Farz Ghair-moayyan –
In namaazo ki Qaza namaazen.

(2) Waajib :
Waajib Moayyan –
Ishaa me Witr ki 3 rak’at;
Salwaat-ul-Eid – Eid-ul-Fitr aur Eid-ul-Ad’ha ki 2 rak’at;
Salaat-e-Waajib-ut-Tawaaf – Tawaafe Ka’aba mukammal karne ke baad Maqaam e Ibrāheem par 2 rak’at namaaz padhte hain;

Waajib Ghair-Moayyan –
Salaat-ul-Nazr – Kisi kaam ke liye namaaz padhne ki mannat maani aur wo kaam pura ho gaya to us mannat ki namaaz padhna Waajib hai.
(Agar mannat ki namaaz kisi khaas din ko padhna tay kiya ho to ye ‘Waajib Moayyan’ hogi.)
Witr Waajib ki Qaza namaaz.

(3) Sunnat :
Sunnat e Mo’aqqidah :
Fajr ki (Farz se pehle) 2 rak’at Sunnat, Zohar ki (Farz se pehle) 4 rak’at Sunnat aur (Farz ke baad) 2 rak’at Sunnat, Maghrib ki (Farz ke baad) 2 rak’at Sunnat, Ishaa ki (Farz ke baad) 2 rak’at Sunnat, Jum’aa ki (Farz se pehle) 4 rak’at Sunnat aur (Farz ke baad) 4 rak’at Sunnat aur 2 rak’at Sunnat.

Maahe Ramazaan me Taraawih ki 20 rak’at.

Salaat-ul-Kusoof – Sooraj gahan ke waqt padhte hain;
Salaat-ul-Khusoof – Chaand gahan ke waqt padhte hain.

Sunnat e Ghair-Mo’aqqidah :
Asr ki (Farz se pehle) 4 rak’at Sunnat, Ishaa ki (Farz se pehle) 4 rak’at Sunnat.

Sunnate Zawaa’id :
Salaat-ul- Ishraaq – 2 rak’at.
Salaat-ul- Chaasht – Kam se kam 2 rak’at aur Zyada se zyada 12 rak’at (2-2 karke).
Salaat-ul- Awwaabin – 6 rak’at (2-2 karke).
Salaat-ul- Tahajjud – Kam se kam 2 rak’at aur Zyada se zyada 8 rak’at (2-2 karke).

(4) Mustahab :
Mustahab Moayyan –
Zohar ki (Farz aur Sunnat ke baad) 2 rak’at, Maghrib ki (Farz aur Sunnat ke baad) 2 rak’at, Ishaa ki (Farz aur Sunnat ke baad) 2 rak’at aur (Witr ke baad) 2 rak’at aur Jum’aa ki 2 rak’at;
Salaat-ul-Ehraam – Hajj ya Umrah ka Ehraam baandhne ke baad 2 rak’at namaaz padhne ke baad Niyyat karte hain.

Mustahab Ghair-Moayyan –
Tahyatul Wuzu – Wuzu karne ke baad foran 2 ya 4 rak’at namaaz padhen.
Tahyatul Masjid – Masjid me daakhil ke baad foran 2 ya 4 rak’at namaaz padhen.
Salaat-ul-Haajat – Jab koi haajat paish aaye 2 ya 4 rak’at ye namaaz padhen;
Salaat-ul-Khauf – Khauf wa Museebat ke waqt khaas 2 rak’at namaaz padhen;
Salaat-ul-Istekhaara – Jab koi kaam karne ka iraada karen to 2 rak’at namaaz padhen;
Salaat-ut-Taubah – Kisi gunah ki taubah ke liye 2 rak’at namaaz padhte hain;
Salaat e Husool e Barkat – Koi kaarobaar shuru karte waqt, Safar shuru karte waqt;
Salaat-ush-Shukr – Koi ne’amat milne par ya koi pareshaani door hone par ya koi kaam pura hone par ALLAH ta’ala ka shukr ada karne ke liye 2 rak’at namaaz padhen.

Salaat-ul-Istisqaa – Baarish ke liye jo khaas namaaz padhi jaati hai.

Salaat-ut-Tasbeeh.

(5) Nafl namaaz.

****************
5 waqt ki namaaz me rak’at ki ta’adaad :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
›› Fajr :
2 rak’at Sunnat e Mo’aqqidah, 2 rak’at Farz;
›› Zohar :
4 rak’at Sunnat e Mo’aqqidah, 4 rak’at Farz, 2 rak’at Sunnat e Mo’aqqidah, 2 rak’at Mustahab (Nafl);
›› Asr :
4 rak’at Sunnat e Ghair-mo’aqqidah, 4 rak’at Farz;
›› Maghrib :
3 rak’at Farz, 2 rak’at Sunnat e Mo’aqqidah, 2 rak’at Mustahab (Nafl);
›› Isha’ :
4 rak’at Sunnat e Ghair-mo’aqqidah, 4 rak’at Farz, 2 rak’at Sunnat e Mo’aqqidah, 2 rak’at Mustahab (Nafl), 3 rak’at Witr Waajib, 2 rak’at Mustahab (Nafl);
›› Jum’aa :
4 rak’at Sunnat e Mo’aqqidah, 2 rak’at Farz, 4 rak’at Sunnat e Mo’aqqidah, 2 rak’at Sunnate Mo’aqqidah, 2 rak’at Mustahab (Nafl).

♦ Jum’aa aur Eidain ki namaaz ke liye Jama’at Shart hai.
Agar jama’at me saamil na ho saka ya Imaam ke salaam pherne ke baad pahuncha to tanha ye namaaz nahi padh sakta.
Jum’aa ke badle us waqt ki Namaaz e Zohar padh le.
♦ Aurto par Jum’aa aur Eidain ki namaaz Waajib nahi. Jum’aa ke waqt me aurte namaaz e Zohar ada karen.
Aur Eidain me agar Nafl namaaz padhna chaahe to apne ghar par padh len.
♦ Musaafir par bhi Namaaz e Jum’aa Waajib nahi. Dauraan e safar wo us ke badle Namaaz e Zohar ada kar le. Agar Jum’aa ki jama’at mil jaaye to Namaaz e Jum’aa padh sakta hai.

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Awqaat-us-Salaat :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Fajr ka waqt : Subah saadiq se lekar Tulu’ aaftaab (Sooraj nikalne) tak;
Zohar ka waqt : Sooraj dhalne ke baad har cheez ke saaye ke dugne hone tak (ilaawa us ke saaya e asli);
Asr ka waqt : Saaye ke dugne hone ke baad se Ghuroob e aaftaab (Sooraj ke doobne) tak;
Maghrib ka waqt : Ghuroob e aaftaab (Sooraj doobne) ke baad se safaidi gaaib hone tak;
Isha’ ka waqt : Safaidi gaaib hone ke baad se Subah saadiq shuru hone se pehle tak.

Ishraaq ka waqt : Fajr ki namaaz ada karne ke baad Zikr e ilaahi karte rahen aur Sooraj zara uncha ho jaaye tab ya’ni Tulu’ aaftab ke 20 minute baad padhen;
Chaasht ka waqt : Sooraj achhi tarah uncha hone ke baad se Zahaw e kubra (zawaal se pehle) tak;
Awwaabin ka waqt : Maghrib ki namaaz ada karne ke baad padhen;
Tahajjud ka waqt : Raat ko Isha’ ki namaaz ada karke sone ke baad jab aankh khule tab padhen.

Makrooh awqaat :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Din me 3 awqaat me namaaz padhna Makrooh hai.
In awqaat me kisi bhi qism ki namaaz (Farz, Waajib, Sunnat, Nafl, Qaza) padhna Makrooh hai.

(1) Tulu’ aaftab : Sooraj ka kinaara nikalne ke baad se lekar Sooraj pura nikal jaane tak hai, Taqreeban 20 minute.
(2) Zahaw e kubra (Zawaal) : Theek Dopahar ke waqt, Taqreeban 40 se 45 minute.
(3) Sooraj par nazar theharne lage tab se lekar Ghuroob e aaftaab (Sooraj doobne) tak.

♦ In Makrooh awqaat me Sajda e Tilaawat ya Sajda e Shukr karna bhi mana hai.

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♦ Namaaz ka Tareeqa :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Ba-wuzu Qibla ki taraf munh karke is tarah khada ho ke dono takhno me 4 ungal ka faasila rahe aur jis Waqt ki namaaz padhta ho us ki Niyyat karke dono haath kaano tak le jaaye ke angoothe kaan ki lo se chhu jaaye, Baaqi ungliya apne haal par rahe, na bilkul mili na bahut faili aur hatheliya Qibla ki taraf ho aur nigaah sajde ki jagah ho.
Phir ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehne ke baad ke baad haath neeche laakar naaf ke neeche baandh le, Is tarh ke daahine haath ki guddi baain kalaai ke sar par ho aur bich ki teeno ungliya baain kalaai ki peeth par aur angootha aur chhoti ungli kalaai ke agal bagal ho.
Phir Sana padhe, Phir Ta’awwuz ‘Aoozu billāhi minash shaitaanir rajeem’ aur Tasmiyah ‘Bismillāhir rahmaanir raheem’ padhe, Phir puri Surah al-Faatiha (Alhamdu shareef) padhe aur khatm hone par aahista se ‘Aameen’ kahe. Is ke baad Qir’at (Tilaawat e Qur’an) ya’ni koi Surah ya 3 chhoti aayat ya 1 badi aayat jo 3 chhoti aayta ke barabar ho padhe. Is ke dauraan nazar sajde ki jagah par ho.
Phir ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehte hue Rooku’ me jaaye aur ghutno ko haatho se is tarh pakad le ke hatheliya ghutne par ho aur ungliya khoob faili ho aur peeth bichhi ho aur sar peeth ke barabar ho uncha na ho aur nazar pair ki taraf ho aur kam se kam 3 baar rooku’ ki tasbeeh ‘Sub’haan Rabbiyal azeem’ padhe.
Agar kisi uzr ke sabab baithkar namaaz padh raha ho to rooku’ ke liye jhukkar paishaani ko ghutno tak le jaaye, Surin ko apni jagah par par rakhe ooncha na kare.
Aur phir ‘SamiAllāhu liman hamidah’ kehte hue sidha khada ho jaaye aur jo munfarid ho ya’ni akela namaaz padhne wala ho wo saath me ‘Rabbana lakal hamd’ bhi kahe.
Phir ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehta hua Sajde me jaaye. Is tarah ke pehle ghutna zameen par rakhe, phir haath, phir dono haatho ke bich me naak aur phir peshani rakhe is tarah ke peshani aur naak ki haddi zameen par jam jaaye aur nazar naak ki taraf rahe aur baazuo ko karvato se aur pait ko raano se aur raano ko pindaliyo se juda rakhe aur dono paanv ki sab ungliya ko qible ki taraf rakhen, is tarah ke ungliyo ka saara pait zameen par jama rahe aur hatheliya bichhi ho aur ungliya qible ki taraf ho aur kam se kam 3 baar sajde ki tasbeeh ‘Sub’haan Rabbiyal aa’la’ padhe.
Phir ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehta hua sar uthaye. Is tarah ke pehle paishani, phir naak, phir munh, phir haath aur daahina uthaaye aur daahina qadam khada karke us ki ungliya Qibla rookh kare aur baanya qadam bichhakar us par khub sidha baith jaaye aur hatheliya bichhkar raano par ghutno ke paas rakhe ke dono haath ki ungliya qibla ki taraf ho aur ungliyo ka sira ghutne ke paas ho. Phir zara theharkar ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehta hua dusra Sajda kare. Ye sajda bhi pehle ki tarah kare.
Phir ‘Allāhu akbar’ kehta hua sar uthaaye aur haath ko ghutno pa rakhkar panjo ke bal khada ho jaaye, Uthte waqt bila uzr haath zameen par na teke.
Ye 1 rak’at puri ho gai.

Ab ‘Bismillāhir rahmaanir raheem’ padhkar Surah al-Faatiha (Alhamdu shareef) aur Qir’at (Tilaawat e Qur’an) padhe aur pehle ki tarah Rooku’ aur Sujood kare.
Jab dusre sajde se sar uthaaye to daahina qadam khada karke baanya qadam bichhakar baith jaaye aur Tashahhud (Attahiyyat) padhe. Jab Kalima La ke qareeb pahunche to daahine haath ki bich ki ungli aur angoothe ko halka banaye aur chhoti ungli aur us ke paas wali ungli ko hatheli se mila de aur lafze ‘La’ par Kalime (Shahaadat) ki ungli ko uthaaye, Magar idhar udhar na hilaaye aur ‘Illa’ par gira de aur sab ungliya foran sidhi kar de.

›› Ab agar 2 se zyada rak’ate padhni hai to uthkar khada ho aur isi tarah baaqi ki rak’ate padhe.
Ab aakhri Qa’ada me (jis me namaaz mukammal karega) Tashahhud (Attahiyyat) ke baad Durood e Ibrāhimi padhe, phir Dua e Maashura padhe.
Phir daahine shaane ki taraf munh karke ‘Assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatullāhi’ kahe aur isi tarah baain taraf Salaam phere.
Ab namaaz mukammal ho gai.

›› Agar 2 rak’at namaaz padhni ho to pehle Qa’ada me hi Tashahhud (Attahiyyat) ke baad Durood e Ibrāheemi padhe, phir Dua e Maashura padhe aur phir dono taraf Salaam phere.

♦ Jama’at ke chand khaas masaa’il :

›› Ba-Jama’at namaaz padhne ka sawaab Tanha padhne se 27 guna zyada hai.

›› Jab Imaam ke pichhe namaaz padhta ho to
Siwa e Qir’at ke tamaam fara’iz o waajibat me (Takbeer e tehreema se lekar Salaam tak) Imaam ki pairwi karna Waajib hai.
Imaam ke Takbeer kehne ke baad hi Takbeer e tehreema kahe aur Salaam pherne ke baad hi Salaam phere.
Har arkaan Imaam ke baad ada kare, Agar Imaam se pehle kar diya to na hogi.

›› Imaam jab Qir’at kare buland aawaaz se ya aahista muqtadi ka khaamosh rehna Waajib hai.
›› Agar Muqtadi Takbeer e tehreema ke baad Sana wagairah padh raha ho aur Imaam ne Alhamdu padhna shuru to jaha pahuncha ho wahi rook jaaye aur khaamoshi se Qir’at sune.
Agar Imaam ne Alhamdu ya Qir’at shuru kar di us waqt saamil hua to Muqtadi Sana, Ta’awwuz, aur Tasmiyah na padhe, Balke khaamoshi se Qir’at sune.

›› Rooku’ se khade hote waqt Imaam ‘SamiAllāhu liman hamidah’ kahe tab Muqtadi sirf ‘Rabbana lakal hamd’ kahe.

›› Qa’ada e ula me agar Imaam ‘Allāhu akbar kehkar teesri rak’at ke liye khada ho jaaye aur agar Muqtadi Atahiyyat padh raha hai to pura karne ke baad hi khada ho.

›› Qa’ada e aakhirah me Muqtadi Atahiyyat padhne ke baad Durood e Ibraaheemi aur Dua e Maashura padh raha ho aur Imaam Salaam pher de to Muqtadi bhi Atahiyyat padhne ke baad jaha tak pahuncha ho wahi rook jaaye aur Salaam pher de.

♦ Aurto ki namaaz ke chand khaas masaa’il :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Aurte Takbeer e tehreema ke waqt kaano tak haath na uthaayen balke mundhe (kandhe) tak haath uthaayen, aur Haath naaf ke neeche na baandhe balke baanyi hatheli seene par par rakhkar us ki peeth par daahini hatheli rakhen.
Rooku’ me zyada na jhuken balke thoda jhuken ya’ni sirf is qadar ke haath ghutno tak pahunch jaaye, peeth sidhi na karen, aur ghutno par zor na den balke mahez haath rakh den aur haatho ki ungliya mili hui rakhen aur paanv kuchh jhuka hua rakhen khub sidha na kar den.
Sajda simat kar karen ya’ni baazu karvato se mila den aur pet raan se aur raan pindliyo se mila den.
Qa’ada me baayen qadam par na baithen balke dono paanv daahine jaanib nikal den aur baayen surin par baithen.

›› Aurto ko bhi khade hokar hi namaaz padhni hai. Bagair uzr ke baithkar namaaz padhe to us namaaz ko dohrana hoga.

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Namaaz ka Naqsa :

Namaaz ka Naqsa :

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur sab ko sahi tareeqe se ba-jama’at namaazen ada karne ki taufiq ata farmae aur Hamari ibaadat ko qubool farmae aur us ke foyuz o barkaat ata farmae.
Aameen.

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Hazrat Imaam Hasan al-Mujtaba radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu :

Alqaab :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Mujtaba, Shaheed e Abraar, Imaam e Aali maqaam, Sayyed-ush-Shababi Ahlil Jannah, Zakī, Rehaan e Rasool, Sibt-al-akbar.

Kunniyat : Abu Mohammad.

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Aap ki wilaadat 15 Ramazaan 3 Hijri (4 March 625 A.D.) ko Madeena Munawwara me hui.

Aap ke waalid ka naam Hazrat Ali al-Murtaza ibne Abu Taalib radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu aur waalida ka naam Hazrate Sayyeda Faatima binte Muhammad Mustafa (sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam) radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha hai.

Huzoore akram sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne ALLĀH ke farmaan se aap ka naam Hazrate Hāroon alaihis salaam ke bete ‘Shabbar’ ke naam se ‘Hasan’ rakha.
Is tarah ye Jannati naam sab se pehle aap ko mila. Is se pehle kisi ka naam Hasan nahi tha.

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Ek baar Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Hazrat Hasan aur Hazrat Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ke rone ki aawaaz suni to aap jaldi se apni beti ke ghar tashreef le gaye aur Hazrate Faatima radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha se farmaaya ‘Mere bete kyun ro rahe hain?’
Hazrat Faatima radiy-Allahu ta’ala anha ne kaha ‘Ya Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam! Inhe pyaas lagi hain. Is waqt paani maujood nahi hain.
Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ‘Inhe idhar mere paas laao.’

Phir Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne pehle Hasan ko uthaaya aur apni zabaan mubarak unke munh me daali aur Hazrat Hasan ne Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki zabaan chusna shuru kiya aur unki pyaas door hui aur chup ho gaye. Phir aap ne Hazrat Husain ko uthaaya aur unke munh me bhi zabaan mubarak daali aur wo bhi zabaan mubarak chuskar chup ho gaye.

***************
Ek din Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Hazrat Imaam Hasan radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ko bachpan me apne kandhe mubarak par bitha liya. Raaste me ek shakhs mila aur us ne Hazrate Hasan ko Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke kandhe par dekha to kaha ‘Aye bache! Tumahri sawaari badi achhi hai!’ Yeh sunkar Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ‘Aur sawaar bhi to bada acha hain!’

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Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya hai ke
‘Ye mere bete (Hasan aur Husain) musalmano ke Imaam hain, chaahe wo baithe ho ya khade ho.’

Ek din Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam mimbar par tashreef farma the. Saath hi pehlu me Hazrat Imaam Hasan radiy-Allahu ta’ala anhu bhi tashreef farma the. Huzoor sallallahu alaihi wa sallam ne ek nazar logo ki taraf farmai aur phir Hazrat Imaam Hasan radiy-Allahu ta’ala anhu ki taraf dekhkar farmaaya ‘Yeh mera beta Sardaar hai. ALLĀH ta’ala is ke zariye musalmano ke do bade giroh me suleh karayega.’

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Jab aap ki umr 8 saal thi tab Huzoore akram sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki aur phir Sayyeda Faatima Zahara radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ka wisaal hua.

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Aap sar se lekar seene tak Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki shabi the.
Logo ko Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki yaad aati thi tab wo Imaame Hasan ki ziyarat kar lete the.

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35 Hijri me jab raafziyo ne Ameer ul mo’mineen Hazrate Uṡmaan Ghani radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ke makaan par ghera daala to tab aap ne Hazrat Husain ibn Ali al-Murtaza, Abdullāh ibn Zubair aur Marwan bin Hakam ke saath un ki hifaazat ke liye un ke ghar par pehra diya.

Hazrat Ali radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ke zamaane me Aap ne Kufa jaakar lashkar tayyaar kiya. Aap Jang e Jamaal (Jamaadil awwal 36 Hijri), Jang e Siffin (Safar 37 Hijri ) aur Jang e Nahrawan (Safar 38 Hijri) me saamil hue.

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Aap ka Ilm, Husn e akhlaaq, Sakhaawat aur Ibaadat mash’hoor hai.

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Aap ne taqreeban 20 baar paidal chalkar Hajj ada kiye.

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Aap ne 2 baar apna saara maal raahe khuda me de diya aur 3 baar apna aadha maal rahe khuda me de diya.

Aap ke baargaah me aane waale har ghareeb, miskeen aur haajatmand ko Aap zyada se zyada dete the.

Kisi ne puchha ke ‘Aap sab ko itna zyada dete hain ke kabhi kabhi to khud ke liye bhi baaqi nahi rakhte.’
To Aap ne farmaaya ke ‘Mujhe ye sab kuch ALLĀH ta’ala ne diya hai aur Mere zariye se wo dusro ko dila raha hai. Main darta hu ke agar main hajatmando ko dena band kar du to mera Rab mujhe bhi dena band kar dega.’

Ek baar Aap apne ghar me the ki Aap ne kisi miskeen ko raaste par ye kehte hue suna ki ‘Mere paas kuchh nahi hai ke jis se main apna guzaara kar saku aur meri ye haalat aap sab log dekh rahe hain.’ Aap ne apne khaadim ko 10,000 dirham ke saath bheja aur farmaaya ‘Use ye dekar kehna ki abhi hum tumhe itna hi de sakte hai. Shaayad is se tumhe tumhari takleef door karne me kuchh madad mil jaaye.’

Aap har saal maah e Ramazaan aane se pehle apna sab maal hajatmando to taqseem kar dete the, sirf zaroorat ke liye thoda rakhte the.
Aur pura mahina ibaadat me guzaarte the.

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Ek baar ek buzurgh wuzu kar rahe the. Hazrate Hasan aur Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ne dekha ke us buzurg ka wuzu sahi nahi hai. Lekin agar unko sidha kahen to shayad unko bura lage kyun ke wo dono jawan the. Is liye dono bhaiyo ne mashwara karke dono ne saath me wuzu karna shuru kiya aur wuzu ke dauran Imaam Hasan ne Imaam Husain se kaha ‘Bhai, Mera wuzu tum se behtar aur sahi hai.’ Imaam Husain ne kaha ‘Bhai, Mera wuzu behtar aur sahi hai.’
Phir unho ne us buzurg se kaha ‘Hum dono wuzu karte hain. Aap theek se dekhen aur hame bata’iye ke kis ka wuzu behtar aur sahi hai.’
Jab dono ne wuzu kar liya to us buzurgh ko pata chal gaya ke dono bhaiyo ka wuzu sahi tarteeb se tha. Unho ne kaha ‘Aap dono ka wuzu sahi hai. Main tum dono ka ehsaan-mand hu ke aap ne mujhe itne khubsurat tareeqe se wuzu ka sahi tareeqa sikhaaya.’

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Karaamat :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(1) Ek martaba Hazrat Imaam Hasan radiy-Allāhu anhu Hazrat Abdullāh bin Zubair radiy-Allāhu anhu ke saath safar me the. Dauraane safar dono Hazraat ne ek khushk baagh me qayaam kiya. Imaam Hasan ek taraf aur Hazrat Abdullāh bin Zubair dusri taraf aaraam farma rahe the.
Hazrat Abdullāh bin Zubair ne kaha ‘Kaash is nakhlistaan me taaza khajoore hoti to hum shikam sair hokar khaate.’ Aap ne farmaaya ‘Kya aap ko taaza khajooro ki talab hai?’ Hazrat Abdullāh bin Zubair ne kaha ‘Haan.’
Aap ne dua ke liye apne haath uthaaye aur aahista se kuchh padha. Foran Khajoor ka ek darakht namudaar hua jo khajooro se bhara hua tha.
Saath me jo shuturbaan (oonto ki hifaazat karne waala) tha wo bola ‘Khuda ki qasam! ye to jaadoo he”. Imaam Hasan radiy-Allāhu anhu ne farmaaya ‘Ye jaadoo nahi hai balke ye us dua ka asar hai jo paighmbar alaihis salaam ke bete ne maangi hai.’
Us ke baad logo ne us khajoor ke darakht par chadhkar tamaam khajoore tod li aur unhe shikam sair hokar khaaya.

(2) Ek martaba Aap Hajj ke liye paidal Makka mukarrama tashreef le jaa rahe the. Raaste me aap ke paanv mubarak me waram aa gaya. Aap ke ghulaam ne arz ki ke ‘Huzoor! Kisi sawaari par sawaar ho jaaye taake paanv ka waram kam ho jaaye. Aap ne inkaar kiya aur farmaaya ‘Mujhe apne parwardigaar se haya aati hai ke us se milne ke liye main paidal jaane ke bajaay sawaariyo par sawaar hokar jaaun.’ Phir farmaaya ‘Agli manzil par ek Habashi ghulaam milega jis ke paas kuchh tel hoga. Use khareed lena. Us tel ko lagaane se aaram ho jaayega.’
Chunaanche jab Aap agli manzil par pahunche to ek Habashi dikhaai diya. Aap ne us ki jaanib ishaara karke apne ghulaam se farmaaya ‘Ye wo hi Habshi hai jis ke muta’alliq maine tum se kaha tha. Jaao aur us se Tel khareed kar laao”
Jab Aap ka ghulaam Habashi ke paas pahuncha aur tel kharidna chaaha to Habashi ne puchha ‘Ye tel tum kis ke liye khareed rahe ho?” Aap ke ghulaam ne kaha ke ‘Shehzaada e Rasool Hasan ibn Ali radiy-Allāhu anhu ke liye.’ Habashi ne kaha : ‘Main bhi un ka ghulaam hu. Mujhe un ke paas le chalo.’
Chunaanche Aap ka ghulaam us Habashi ko lekar Aap ki khidmat me haazir hua to Habashi ne bade adab se arz kiya ‘Huzoor! Main bhi Aap ka ghulaam hu. Main tel ki qeemat nahi lunga. Bas ye guzaarish hai ke meri biwi darde zeh me mubtila hai. Dua farma dijiye ke ALLĀH ta’ala mujhe sahi wa tandurust bachcha ataa farma de.’
Aap ne farmaaya ‘Jaa, Apne ghar laut jaa. ALLĀH ta’ala ne tujhe waisa hi beta Ataa farma diya hai jaisa tu chaahta hai aur wo bacha bhi hamara pairokaar hoga.’
Jab wo Habashi apne ghar pahuncha to ghar ka Haal waisa hi paaya jaisa Aap ne farmaaya tha.

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Aap ne ek khat likhkar use taaweez me rakhkar apne bete Hazrate Qaasim ke gale me daala tha aur farmaaya tha ke ‘Jab aisi koi bahot mushkil ghadi aaye to us ko kholkar padh lena. In shaa Allāh tumhe sahi raasta mil jaaega.’
Jab maidaan e Karbala me jaan-nisaarane Ahle bait ek ke baad ek shaheed ho rahe the tab Hazrate Qaasim ne apne chacha Imaame Husain radiy-Allahu ta’ala anhu se jang me jaane ke liye ijaazat maangi. Lekin aap ne inkar kiya aur farmaya ke ‘Tum mere bhai Hasan ki nishaani ho. Main tumhe ijaazat nahi de sakta.’
Tab Hazrate Qaasim ko apne waalid ki wasiyat yaad aai aur wo taaweez kholkar padha to us me Imaame Hasan radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ne likha tha ‘Aye mere farzand! Ek waqt aisa aaega jab baatil zaalim lashkar Karbala me Husain aur unke wafadaar saathiyo ko gher lega aur jaan-nisaarane ahle bait deene islaam ki hifaazat ke liye shaheed ho rahe honge. Us waqt main tum sab ke saath nahi hounga. Lekin tumhe apne chacha Husain se pehle maidaan e jung me jaakar shaheed hona hoga.’
Hazrate Qaasim rahmatullāhi alaihi ne Imaame Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ko ye taaweez bataaya aur farmaaya ke ‘Mujhe mere waalid ne pehle hi ijaazat de di hai.’
Imaame Husain ne gham ke saath Hazrate Qaasim ko jung me jaane ki ijaazat ata farmai.

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Aqwaal :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(1) Jis ke paas Ilm nahi us ke paas tehzeeb nahi hoti, jis ke paas Husne akhlaaq nahi us ke paas jis ke paas sharaafat nahi hoti aur jis ke paas Haya aur adab nahi us ke paas deen nahi hota.

(2) Duniya ki sab se tez raftar cheez Dua hai jo dil se zaban tak pahunchne se pehle hi Khuda tak pahunch jaati hai.

(3) Khuda apne un bando ko buland-tareen martabe ata farmata hai jo zindagi me zayada sakhtiyon ko bardasht karte hain.

(4) Nek banne ka aur har burai se najaat paane ka tareeqa ye hai ki ne’amato ka shukr ada karo aur taklif me sabr karo.

(5) Khuda ki ne’amat imtihaan hai.
Agar us ka shukr ada karte ho wo tumhare liye rehmat hoti hai aur agar na-shukri karte ho to wo azaab ban jaati hai.

(6) Jo shakhs ALLĀH ke diye hue Rizq ko kaafi samjhe, Wo kabhi kisi ka Mohtaaj nahi ho sakta.

(7) Insaan ki barbaadi ki wajah 3 cheezo me hai : Takabbur, Laalach aur Hasad.
Takabbur eimaan ko nuqsaan karta hai, Laalach qalb ko nuqsaan karta hai aur Hasad gunaah aur burai ki taraf le jaata hai.

(8) Kisi ki galti par saza dene me jald-baazi na karo. Hamesha galti aur saza ke darmiyaan kuchh mohlat rakha karo.

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Patiwaar :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Aap ke 12 saahabzaade aur 5 saahabzaadiya hain.

(1) Umme Kulsum bint Fazl bin Abbaas bin Abdul Muttalib
(2) Umme Basheer bint Abi Mas’ood al-Ansari
1 beta – Zaid,
2 betiya – Ummul Hasan, Ummul Husain,
(3) Khawla bint Manzoor bin Zaban al-Fazzaziyah se
5 bete – Hasan al-Muṡanna, Abdur Rahmān, Ismāeel, Hamza, Ya’aqoob,
(4) Umme Is’hāq bint Talha bin Ubaidullāh al-Taeemi se
2 bete – Talha, Husain al-Asraam,
3 betiya – Faatima, Umme Abdullāh, Umme Salama.
(5) Hafsa bint Abdur Rahmān bin Abu Bakr Siddeeq
(6) Hind bint Suhail bin Amru
(7) Umme Farwa se
2 bete – Qaasim, Umar,
(8) Ramla se
1 beta – Abu Bakr,
(9) Aa’isha al-Khusa’amiyah
(10) Zainab bint Sabee’ bin Abdullāh
(11) Ja’ada bint al-Ash’as bin Qays
(12) Baqliya
(13) Safia.

Umm Walad se
1 beta – Abdullāh.

♦ Aap ke 3 saahabzaade – Qaasim, Abu Bakr aur Abdullāh Karbala me shaheed hue hain.

♦ Aap ki nasl Hazrate Zaid aur Hazrate Imaam Hasan muṡanna rahmatullāhi alaihi se jaari hai.

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Aap Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke khalifa Hazrat Ali radiy-Allahu ta’ala anhu ke silsila e tareeqat ke 4 khulfa me se hain.

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Aap Aa’imma e Ahle bait ke dusre Imaam hain.
Hazrat Ali ke wisaal ke baad Aap Imaam bane.

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Ramazaan 40 Hijri me Ameer ul momineen Hazrate Ali radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki shahaadat ke baad Aap mimbar par tashreef laaye aur khutba farmaaya ‘Aye logo! Aaj marzi e khuda se tumhare darmiyaan se wo marde Khuda rukhsat ho gaya jis ki nazeer qayaamat tak tum ko nahi milegi. Lihaaza ab tum ko chaahiye ke deen e Mohammadi ki itteba karo.’
Chunaache Hazrat Mateen bin Sa’ad Ibada Ansaari radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ne foran aage badhkar Aap ke daste haq par Bai’at ki. Phir Ahle Kufa ne jhok dar jhok Aap ke haath par bai’at karni shuru ki. Taqreeban 40 hazaar logo ne aap se bai’at kar li.

Is tarah Aap 6 mahine tak Khalifa rahe aur is ke baad 41 Hijri (661 A.D.) me jab khilaafat ko lekar musalmano me aapas me jung shuru hone waali thi tab khoon-rezi na ho is liye chand sharto ke saath Aap ne Hazrate Ameer Muawiya radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ko khilaafat di. Jin me se kuchh sharten ye thi ke :
(1) Hazrat Ameer Muawiya radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ke baad Khilaafat phir se Hazrat Imaam Hasan radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ko milegi.
(2) Ahle Madeena, Ahle Hijaaz aur Ahle Iraq ke kisi shaks se zamaana e Ameer ul momineen Ali Murtuza radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ke muta’alliq koi muwaakheza wa mutaalba nahi kiya jaayega.

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Ek raat Hazrat Imaam Hasan radiy-Allāhu ta’aala anhu ne khwaab me dekha ki Aap ki dono aankhon ke darmiyaan ‘Surah al-Ikhlaas (Qul huwallāhu ahad)’ likhi hui hai. Aap ke Ahle bait yeh khwaab sunkar bahot khush hue. Lekin jab Hazrat Saeed ibne Musayyab radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ko yeh khwaab bataaya to unho ne farmaaya ‘Waaqai agar aap ne yeh khwaab dekha hain to Hazrat Imaam Hasan zindagi ke chand hi roz baaqi reh gaye hain.’

Is ke chand roz baad Aap ki shahaadat zeher ki wajah se hui. Fajr ke waqt aap uthe to Aap ne apni bahen Sayyeda Zainab se farmaaya ke ‘Maine khwaab me naana jaan aur waalid e mohtaram ko dekha wo apne saath mujhe jannat ki sair kara rahe the.’ Phir Aap ne wuzu ke liye paani maanga. Sayyeda Zainab paani lene ke liye gai. Aap ko pyaas lagi thi to aap ne qareeb me rakhe maskije me se paani piya. Us me zaalim ne qaatil zeher mila diya tha. Paani pait me jaate hi Aap ko zeher ki aṡar hone lagi.
Jab Aap ko bahot zyada takleef ho rahi thi aur Imaame Husain radiy-Allāhu anhu ne puchha ke ‘Aap ko kisi par shak hai ke kis ne aap ko zeher diya hai? To Aap ne farmaaya ke ‘Agar mera shak sahi hua tab to theek hai lekin agar mera shak galat hua to main nahi chaahta ke meri wajah se kisi begunaah ko takleef ho.’ Aur Aap ne kisi ka naam nahi bataaya.

Wisaal ka waqt bilkul qareeb aaya to Aap ke chehre par kuchh be-qaraari aur ranj ke aasaar nazar aaye. Imaame Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ne is ki wajah puchhi to Aap ne bataaya ‘Aye biraadar e azeez! Main (mustaqbil me pesh aane waale) kuchh aisi khalq aur aise haalaat dekh raha hu jis ki miṡl kabhi nahi dekhi. Aise log aayenge jo tumhare saath bad-sulooki karenge aur tumhe iza denge.’

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Hazrate Aa’isha Siddeeqa radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha ki ijaazat ke baad jab Aap ko Roza e rasool me dafn karne ke liye le gaye tab Marwaan bin Hakam ne aitraaz kiya. Aur jab Imaame Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ke saathi aur Marwaan ke saathiyo ke bich jung ke haalaat paida ho gaye tab Hazrate Abu Huraira radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ne Imaame Husain ko Imaame Hasan ki wasiyat yaad dilai ke aap ne farmaaya tha ke ‘Agar mujhe Roza e Rasool me dafn karne se roka jaaye to mujhe Jannatul Baqi me dafn karna.’
Ye sunkar Imaame Husain aisa hi kiya.

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Aap ka wisaal 28 Safar 50 Hijri (27 March 670 A.D.) ko 47 saal ki umr me hua.

Aap ka mazaar Jannatul Baqi, Madeena munawwara me hai.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Imaam Hasan al-Mujtaba radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu aur Ahle bait aur Ashaaba ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.

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